Functions Of Unit 9 Staffing And Human Resource Management

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Unit 9: Staffing and Human Resource Management

9.1 INTRODUCTION
Human resource management (HRM or simply HR) is a function in an organization that is designed to maximize an employee’s performance in accordance with an employer 's strategic objectives, policies, and system. HR departments and units typically undertake a number of activities such as recruiting manpower, training and development of employees, performance appraisal, and rewarding - managing pay and benefit systems. Additionally, the department deals with industrial relations such as balancing organisational practices that require collective bargaining and government laws.
During the early 20th century, the researchers were known to document the various ways to create effective business value through their strategic management of workforce. This resulted in the human relations movement or what is now called the Human Resource (HR). Initially, the HR department focused on transactional work such as payroll and benefits administration. But today, thanks to globalization, technological advancement and further research, the department’s focus has gradually shifted to strategic initiatives such as mergers & acquisition, talent management, succession planning, industrial and labour relations, and diversity and inclusions.
Any start-up company employs a handful of HR professionals to perform the duties where as a large company uses the services of an entire functional group. This group dedicates and specialises itself

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