Fundamentalss: The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Networking

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Chapter 2
Fundamentals
2.1 Introduction of networking
A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers), exchange files or allow electronic communication. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites or infrared light beams. The purpose of a network is to share resources. A resource may be file, folder, printer or disk drive. A network is simply collection of computers or other hardware devices that are devices that are connected together either physically or logically using special hardware and software to allow them to exchange information and cooperate. Networking is the term that describe the processes involve in designing, implementation, upgrading, managing and otherwise working with networks and network technologies.
2.1.1 Advantages of networking
. Connectivity and communication
. Data sharing
. Hardware sharing
. Internet Access
. Internet Access sharing
. Data security and management
. Performance enhancement and balancing
. Entertainment
2.1.2 Disadvantages of networking
. Network hardware, software and setup costs
. Hardware and software management and administrative costs

. Undesirable behavior
. Data security concerns
2.1.3 Network classification by size
. Local area network (LAN)
. Wide area network (WAN)
. Metropolitan area network ((MAN)
. Personal area network (PAN)
2.1.4 Network classification by structure
. Client/Server network
. Peer to Peer
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