After the I World War the crisis existed in each sphere of people’s lives, from economics to culture. Declination which came to the societies of all the countries, which took part in the war, had to be removed. People needed inspiration and comfort, they needed hope and positive emotions to be able to cope with all the destructions the war had brought. In USA the process of renewing began with great migration of African American from dilapidated South to industrial and developed North, “in cities such as Chicago; Washington, D.C.; and New York City, the recently migrated sought found (to some degree) new opportunities, both economic and artistic” (Poets 2004). In the world of literature, and poetry in particular, new personalities appeared.
The muckrakers were investigative writer during the progressive Era, who wrote about different economic and social issues, such as: monopole of standard oil, children labor, work exploitation, and politic corruption. They criticized the corruption and inequality in the system. Trying to rise the public awareness and to mobilize the interest of the public to fight for change, the muckrakers published books, cartoons and articles in newspapers. Among them was, Jacob Riis who write “How The Other Half Lives” and Upton Sinclair, the author of “The
Reconstruction- created race conflict in all aspects of American society Both in the North and South The Gilded Age- separation of the classes began to emerge wealthy elite rose above the working class and artificially suppressing worker wages Social Darwinism and Herbert Spencer- the application of Darwin’s theory of evolution to socioeconomics by Spencer created a sense that lower classes were “unfit” Survival of the fittest World War I- following the disillusionment of WWI, a fear of outsiders rose Harding: “Return to Normalcy”
The first Red Scare occurred right after WWI and when the Jazz age and prohibition started. America was a notable economic power, and the KKK dominated the South opposing to the law. The first Red Scare was a fear of communists, socialists, and anarchists. A series of anarchist bombings, innocent people were jailed for sharing their views, and civil rights were ignored. The amount of fear, as fast as it came it went away just as fast.
Now, as I had previously mentioned, the term "mass incarceration" was coined in the 70's to describe the beginning of an era in which people are arrested in dramatically high numbers. During former US president Richard Nixon's time in office, he took on the war on crime and the war on drugs. Which at first glance looks like a positive thing but once you dive deeper into what his real motives are, it's rather eye opening. Let's start with the war on crime. During this time you had the black panthers who were people fighting for civil rights, people who were fighting for women's rights, and people who were fighting for gay rights.
For example, when rock and roll debuted in the late nineteen sixties it caused conservative Americans belonging to the fifties to believe the new music of the generation was causing internal decadence. Joyce Carol Oates’ short story, “Where are You Going, Where Have you been” represents this time in American history through the use of a symbolism. The reoccurrence of music and its influence on Connie, the main character in the story, symbolize the demoralization of American society. The beginning of the story introduces Connie’s view on sexuality, showing how traditional ideas of sex have changed. When
Through the early to mid 1900s, the concept of striving to attain more than one is originally born with became predominant in most American societies. During this era, many authors, through literature, began expressing their concern with the rise in materialistic ideals and its effect on society and the individuals living within it, one being F. Scott Fitzgerald. Two of Fitzgerald’s widely-known works of literature, The Great Gatsby and “Winter Dreams”, both heavily elaborate on the effects of the increase in materialism and the ultimate effects of attempting to achieve the American Dream; this is conveyed through the unhappiness of the Dexter and Gatsby despite their perseverance to acquire women of higher social statuses. These texts both reach the conclusion that the American Dream is not within reach of anyone. Fitzgerald’s representation of the unattainable American Dream is demonstrated in The Great Gatsby and “Winter Dreams” through his portrayal of the materialistic nature of society as well as the characters’ failure to possess the women they love.
Part 3: How does this author and his or her novel impact the culture of America? American culture began to change during the 1920’s due to certain conditions and the uprising of new ideas. It was a time of great social change, new ideas, techniques and ways of life were modified to adjust to the depression of World War I. Numerous war veterans had experienced certain happenings in which had left them traumatized, hardened or even weakened with no one to relate to. It was not until A Farewell to Arms, written by Ernest Hemingway, had impacted American culture, and introduced new ideas and thought provoking ideas.
The 1960s and 1970s were decades of political turmoil in Latin American countries , in a political and diplomatic climate strongly influenced by the dynamics of the Cold War. This formed the background for the work of the writers of the Latin American Boom, and defined the context in which their sometimes radical ideas had to operate The Latin American Boom was a literary movement that not only impacted literature but impacted politics throughout Latin America gateway to modern Latin American Literature that created an international profile and left be-hind a worldwide reputation with these talented and rebellious novelists freely expressing their political views within their writings it was only a matter of time before change began. Although
With the imperialistic drive being a bigger motive for Europe, he could depict the harshness of the Victorian Era class system in his novel Heart of Darkness. Not only were the effects of the class system that made it dangerous, but also how easily it can spread. These themes are present in Heart of Darkness due to the Victorian Era being one of the worst time periods for class diversity. Also, Conrad presented the story from the point of view of a white man, or Middle Class worker, just so the reader can see what goes on directly below and above him in the social hierarchy. While there has always been a class system for all types of societies, the Victorian Era may be the worst since the poverty problems at the time gained little attention, yet a numerous amount of people fell victim to it.
King and Stephen G. N. Tuck. It explores the deplorable state of racism in the southern states of the USA during the late 19th century and early 20th century, and the efforts of one man to fight it. One of the most prominent African-American leaders of that period was a man called Thomas Fortune. Once a slave in the South, Fortune was too aware of America’s race problem. In 1879, he left the south and moved to New York where he became an editor of several African-American newspapers.
The re-rise of the Ku Klux Klan around 1915, combined with the strangle hold Jim Crow laws had on African-Americans in the South, raised pressures in the middle of blacks and whites in the United States. A rush of rough racial meetings started to rise in the 1920s, starting a standout amongst the most socially turbulent times in America 's history. Jim Crow was a well-known minstrel show performed by a white performer who glaringly ridiculed African-Americans. The expression "Jim Crow Law" came to be utilized to depict the isolation framework utilized fundamentally as a part of the South from 1877 to the mid-1950s. Signs told African-Americans where they could and couldn 't go.
Ideas of race and slavery are building blocks of American society. Slavery, particularly in the Southern states, were a huge factor of the economy. Relations changed throughout American history though, as new concepts came about, as well as new economic breakthroughs and improvements. In this essay, I will be discussing changes in American society involving views of coloured people and slavery beginning in 1785 and ending in 1817. The earliest document, a letter from Thomas Jefferson to his friends in Europe in 1785, speaks mainly of the native people, and how they are inferior to whites, though eventually could become equal.