“Good feedback practice is not only about providing accessible and usable information that helps students improve their learning, but it is also about providing good information to teachers” (Nicol and Macfarlane, 2006, p. 214). Quality assessment and effective feedback have a strong impact in systemizing educational governance. In the same way, it can enable all learners to enhance their learning or leads to increase learning and teachers in their teaching. Some research evidence such as Nicol and Macfarlane –Dick (2006)
For a teacher to be successful assessors, a deep understanding of assessments needs to be developed, and the following questions are able to be answered: why do assessments; when to do assessments; and how to assess in ways that have an impact on students learning in a positive way. Once a teacher has the knowledge to make meaningful decisions based on these questions, assessments that are planned, designed and implemented can be used to provide formative, meaningful information and support learning
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
Instructional planning is very important. Utilizing instructional planning means being knoledgable of the national, state, and local curricula and standards. It means using all resources, strategies, and data to meet the needs of all students. Another sub area that is very important would be differentiated instruction. This means providing students with content that challenges then and helps them to excel to new levels.
The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
Develop students' thinking skills because it presented a problem in the early learning and provide flexibility to students to find their own solutions. Students are given discretion in determining alternative solutions. c. Make students apply the knowledge they already have into new situation. It will increase harmony and tolerance attitude because in selecting the most appropriate solution to solve the problem, it needs acceptance attitude from all students. Intani (2015) also stated that the effect of Treffinger learning model implementation included: a.
The middle school model uses various modes of instruction that benefit various of learners. The middle school model uses student centered approaches to learning. Inquiry learning and interactive learning are also emphasized in the middle school model. Differentiation is used to meet the needs of all unique learners. Cooperative learning, discussions, student inquires, and projects are used to meet the needs of auditory, visual, kinesthetic learners.
There is the analogous relation between the two major approaches to learning and reflective thinking practice (Leung & Kember, 2003; Phan, 2007).This intertwined relationship is, again, pivotal to the cultivation and encouragement of quality learning in higher education contexts. Pedagogical strategies and learning objectives that entail complexities in this sense stimulate intellectual curiosity and positive perceptions of task value, facilitating in this process engagement of meaningful learning and deep learning strategies (Kember et al., 2000). In this study, students’ learning is key aspects of investigation in understanding quality in students’ learning. Especially from a phenomenographic perspective, how students approach learning is a key issue in examining qualitative
It also becomes motivating to behave yourself when you are aware of your boundaries. Finally, when students practice good behavior, it automatically raises their self-esteem. (Wright, 2005). Building from that idea of collaborating with students to form the classroom rules, setting “observable rules” (Canter and Canter, 1992 p:51) is important too. That means, to form a set of rules, wherein the results in the form of good behaviour can be observed immediately, e.g.
By providing a hierarchy of levels, this taxonomy can assist teachers in designing performance tasks, making questions for discussing with learners, and providing feedback on student work. This resource is divided into different levels each with Keywords that exemplify the level and questions that focus on that same critical thinking level. Questions for Critical Thinking can be used in the classroom to develop all levels of thinking within the cognitive domain. The results will be improved attention to detail, increased comprehension and prolonged problem solving skills. One way to challenge learners in the classroom is through the use of Bloom’s Taxonomy.