According to Merriam-Webster, betrayal is defined by leading astray, delivering to an enemy by treachery, failing or deserting especially in time of need, or revealing unintendedly. All of these defined forms of betrayal are prevalent in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story, “Young Goodman Brown”. These acts of betrayal are exhibited on the protagonist by various characters throughout the plot, including the protagonist himself. This theme of betrayal contributes greatly to the protagonist’s character development and plot. Goodman Brown is betrayed by his family and community, however he is equally at fault for betraying his family and community, as well as his own beliefs.
In The Gathering of Old Men, by Ernest J. Gaines, and The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison, the authors follow the story of different black communities and how they are affected by oppression. In The Gathering of Old Men a white man, Beau, is found dead in a black man’s yard, Mathu. Mathu’s ‘daughter’ brings together all of the black men in the surrounding neighborhoods to say that they were the ones who shot Beau. In The Bluest Eye a black child, Pecola, is oppressed in many ways throughout the story and near the end is raped by her father. The most substantial part of the story however, is afterwards and how she eventually becomes insane from the onslaught of oppression she faced.
It is apparent that both novels are in tune with the theme of division of social class in the society. The Kite Runner examines the whole spectrum of racism; Hassan who was treated disrespectfully by his peers who are the majority, Sunni Muslims because he is the minority, the Hazara (Shi’a Muslims). This leads to nasty discrimination based on physical features and religious beliefs. Significantly, Hosseini mentions in the novel that Amir is reading, "the Pashtuns had persecuted and oppressed the Hazaras” from his mother’s history book which can be found on page 9. Additionally, Ali, who is a Hazara, is ridiculed by the neighborhood people on page 10 coupled with Assef’s mocking, calling Hassan flat nose.
Now I am wondering, how exactly does it feel to be a victim of the same crime that he commits (racism)? The theme of racism is evident throughout the entirety of the book. This book, of which takes place in the 1950s-1960, was written during the times where the segregation was becoming integration with some complications and struggles. During this time, Native Americans were having a hard life and couldn't adjust and this book clearly shows Chief Bromden, whom is an Indian, getting picked on and blamed for things he is completely innocent of because of who he is.
In Anthem society has sunk into a dark age. The people are all living dark stale lives were any creative or individual thought is outlawed. As a result all the citizens are sickly creatures living in constant fear. “we look upon our brothers and we wonder.
The most dehumanizing experience of a slave, as introduced by Douglass, includes: humiliation, emotional trauma, inequality, and physical abuse. Douglass, a man of wisdom, character, and determination; fought liberally and strategically, to surmount the odds of being deprived of his humanity while enslaved. Douglass, along with many other slaves, experienced the most gruesome epidemic that America was granted in history. Slaves were treated badly, and often seen as an epitome to society in the south. In the “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass” he foreshadows his experience as a slave, and explains some of the most dehumanizing experiences, from blood bashed beatings to intense emotional trauma.
Wendell Berry’s poem, "My Great-Grandfather’s Slaves”, details his emotional enslavement to and relentless guilt about his great-grandfather’s slaves. He is extremely remorseful because his own family owned and mistreated other people. Berry feels personally connected to and responsible for the slaves. His shame is evident through his usage of literary devices like metaphors, irony, repetition, and juxtaposition. Berry’s powerful poem captures his true shame and emotional turmoil.
In the adventures of Huckleberry Finn written by Mark Twain, there are many ups and downs in the book that makes it very interesting and inspiring to read. People in the book inspired other characters to do certain things like Mrs. Watson to enslave Jim and Jim runs away. And Pap Finn who abuses his son Huck and has him run away. Pap Finn is the father of Huck Finn he’s an abusive father who is a southern white father and doesn’t own slaves but is racist and just terrible to African Americans. Pap influenced Huck to run away from his home because of a specific incident that happened in a shack.
Justification “Andrew Jackson and search for Vindication” by James C. Curtis, presents the life of young Jackson and his traumatic ordeals that lead him to develop an unhealthy obsession for his deprived mentality of the term, justice. The author develops Jackson’s obsession through childhood experiences with the loss of family that is incredibly linked to violent battles. Curtis uses these traumas to emphasize Jackson’s character progression throughout the novel to better understand the complexity of Jackson’s paranoid views on the corruption of U.S. government and his selfish search for justice. His ardent desire for “justice” is nothing more than his selfish desire to be right in his reaction to the violence of war and the government itself.
In the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Douglass uses descriptive detail and pathos to delineate the evil and harsh realities of slavery and to illustrate why it should be abolished. In the very beginning of his story, Douglass precedes to give the readers a very harsh image of what he encounters. Douglass wanted people to know that even at a very young age, slaves witnessed and endured horrible actions. Douglass’s overseer was a very cruel man and when Douglass was just a child he witnessed him traumatically beat a relative. Douglass said, “I have often been awakened at the dawn of the day by the most heart-rending shrieks of an own aunt of mine, whom he used to tie up to a joist, and whip upon her naked back till she was literally covered in blood”(15).
The authors use pathos to grab us by our emotions and make us want to keep reading about such a historically powerful but terrible group. To do so they use powerful, livid, and emotional language. Levitt and Dubner help us to remember how terrible the Ku Klux Klan was and the repulsive things they did to not just “black people” but to human beings that did in no way deserve what they had to go through during slavery and even after with language that appeals to the senses. “The early Klan did its work through pamphleteering, lynching, shooting, burning, castrating, pistol-whipping, and a thousand forms of intimidation” (52). Levitt and Dubner start right off the bat using a rhetorical strategy called appeal to pity by very vividly listing the things the Ku Klux Klan did to their victims.
Throughout the book Between the world and me, by Ta-Nehisi Coates, Coates reflects on his experience as a black individual. He writes to his son, revealing the atrocities and inhumanities that he has observed within the black community. Often times, he felt isolated from the world because of his skin color. Coates states: “In America, it is traditional to destroy the black body- it is heritage” (Coates 103). Throughout the book, he makes it clear that it is important to protect the body.
My 3D model is a box that represents the mental state of Trevor, the main character in “The Destructors”, and the box also connects Trevor with one of the main themes in the story, destruction and creation. Black is the main color on the outer side of the box, it represents the darkness inside Trevor, when he destroys the house, he also destroy the whole group’s collective innocence. The gang boys during wartime have developed destructive personality after witnessing deaths and violence. Trevor in particular is not only affected by the war, his family background creates further destruction to his mentality, “the fact that his father, a former architect and present clerk, had ‘come down in the world’ and that his mother considered
Ta-Neshisi Coates a well-known writer of “Between the World and Me” uses his book to meditate on what it means to be black in America today. It uses a letter from Mr. Coates to his son, Samori and speaks on living in a country where unarmed black males and little boys are targets of police brutality – such as victims like Michael Brown, Tamir Gray, Eric Garner and many more. Mr. Coates uses this title “Between the World and Me “from Richard Wright who wrote a poem based on the fear he felt growing up. Fearing the police who possessed to have full control of his body, meaning they were beating and frisking anyone whom they believed was causing trouble (“the blacks”). Coates however writes with the purpose of urging his son and other African American boys and men to be watchful, to be careful, and to arm himself with knowledge by giving them recounts of stories of innocent men.
He feels hatred towards him because he defended a black man in court. Atticus says to his son, “ There’s a lot of ugly things in this world, son. I wish I could keep ‘em all away from you. That’s never possible.” Author, Harper Lee writes this to show that hatred is a common thing in society but you must keep that emotion to yourself.