In 1972, Shirley Chisholm stood before thousands of people and presented her presidential bid declaration speech. Chisholm uses all three of Aristotle’s persuasive appeals. Throughout Chisholm’s speech, she used logos, pathos and ethos. Logos is the appeal to logic in which reasoning and facts comes into play. Then pathos is the appeal to emotions in which she uses words to pull and the heart strings of her audience. Finally, she uses ethos, which is the appeal to credibility. She used logos, pathos and ethos in hope of persuading her audience to vote for her as the next president.
From the beginning, the world was a place of inequality. However, it is possible to change. Through hard work from significant individuals, the world has fought wars and created laws that have led towards equality. The world has developed in many areas such as in gender, sexual, and racial rights. Shirley Chisholm stands as one of these individuals in history that has paved a path to equality. Her Presidential bid, delivered on January 25, 1972, is one moment cemented in history. This paper will analyze that speech by examining her pathos, logos, and ethos.
Since the very beginning of cognitive thinking, scholars of some form have looked to dates throughout history that have changed the trajectory of society as a whole. Whether it be a gruesome altercation of forces or social movements that have changed the world - Emma Griffin in Liberty’s Dawn, elaborates on how the people of England had evolved as people during the Industrial Revolution.
In her essay "Does Texting Affect Writing?", Michaela Cullington presents her argument that texting does not impact formal writing written by students. She discusses the concerns presented by many people about how texting language can transfer into writing, but through the use of personal experiences and credible sources she discusses how this is not true. Her use of multiple different studies and situations help boost her argument and allow the reader to truly see how students actually do formal writing. She presents a strong argument as to why those who believe students don't have the control and knowledge to write formally, instead of with text speak, are wrong.
America, the land of the free and the home of the brave. This phrase is sung with pride and passion by American citizens. However, some of America’s hardest working citizens are shackled down by a factor that they have no control over. Poverty, is what’s keeping citizens imprisoned while they should be living free. An appalling 44 percent of homeless Americans are employed (http://nationalhomeless.org/). Why should people who go to work and hold a job be subjected to homelessness in the greatest country in the world? Many other middle-class Americans are too shielded by their almost perfect lives to even see this. Many of them even have the audacity to say that homeless individuals or the lower-class is just lazy. Barbara Ehrenreich directly
For a long time, women have been treated badly by the society that they live in. They have been killed because of dowry, they have been suffering from rape, and they haven’t been treated equal as men. Women were not allowed to take important decisions of their life, and they didn’t have a right to speak up for themselves. Therefore, Hillary Clinton was supporting women’s right in her speech, “Women’s right are Human rights” by talking about how women do not have equal rights as men, and how they have to go through tough situations. She also mentions that women’s rights should be equal to Human rights. This speech was given at the United Nations Fourth Conference of Women on September
In Barbara Bush’s speech at the Wellesley college commencement in 1990. I believe that her main ideas are to remind the students that success is not defined by social expectations by unique personal goals when listening to her speech! I also feel that she is warning us on labeling others that we don’t know much about, that when she starts to talk about Alice Walker the famous writer of (The Color Purple) Bush also used demographic, the audiences gender age, and cultured, psychographic analysis which focuses on their beliefs values and life experiences and situational analysis, which also focuses on the setting and mood of the audience.
Gail Collins continuously writes about politics and how the world, especially the United States, is affected by this and how it is currently functioning. Collins speaks consistently about president Donald Trump’s political career and the actions that he has taken throughout his years as a politician. I confirm Gail Collins’ stance in the opinions she has put forth throughout her career as a New York Times columnist.
Angela Grimke introduces the horrors of slavery and racism through sensuous imagery and parallelism in her anecdote, emphasizes the need for women to act through an exclamatory sentence and friendly persona, and ensures women that their participation is effective through historical evidence in her speech “Bearing Witness Against Slavery.” As an angry mob of anti-abolitionists rage outside the lecture hall, Grimke must continually battle for her audience’s attention. She holds their focus with an intense pathetic appeal when describing her firsthand experiences with slavery and racism to establish the idea that excused racism in the north relates to empowered slave owners in the south. This becomes an ethical appeal when she calls upon women
Brady appeals to the reader’s emotions in her article why I want a wife by using pathos. She creates a connection between herself and the reader to make the reader feel what she is feeling and relate to her, which by definition is pathos. In Brady’s article “Why I Want a Wife” she develops a valid argument of why she wants a “wife” by using examples of pathos to connect with her female readers of the Ms. Magazine and draw their attention. This is a rather effective method when one considers that this article was written in the 1970’s when women’s rights acts was just starting to take place.
Authors aiming to persuade or convince in their argumentative writings, more often than not, make their argument across by incorporating the different modes of persuasion together; pathos, ethos, and logos. They, however, are not forced to use all three methods in hope of making their point. For example, Skip Hollandsworth, author of Toddlers in Tiaras, expresses his argument that beauty pageants have a negative impact on the participants starting off from an early age, carried all the way up to their teenage years. He mainly argues this by using the logos method. As a reader, one can find statistics and facts pretty much in every piece of his writing that pertain back to the subject. This helps him make his argument without being criticized about the information he is giving. As for pathos, he’s able to find a way to combine it with logos, since a lot of the truth behind beauty pageants can leave a sense of sentiment to the readers. Finally with ethos, there isn’t really any clear points where he is the one that is giving his own facts, which would otherwise make him a trustworthy source for information. The author chose to present his argument with factual statements rather than trying to convince the readers through an emotional writing or by making his own statements.
Ellen Goodman uses her great skills in rhetorical strategies to demonstrate her negative feelings towards the main character; Phil. Phil seems almost like a robot, mechanically able to march through life; living his life as rigidly and indifferent as possible. Goodman uses diction and her style of writing to bring the life the underlying stigmas surrounding corporate America.
In works of literature, there is a type of linguistic device that enables the writer or speaker to appeal to the audience’s emotions known as Ethos. For instance, ethos is used in line from The Gettysburg Address, “It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion” . In this quotation, Lincoln speaks to the people of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania about how they should not let those who died, let their lives be given up in vain. Therefore, he called to the public to continue to fight for the departed and to devote our victories to them. Furthermore, the use of ethos impacts a group of people who are mourning. This rhetorical device is used in many other speeches, including Ronald Reagan’s Space Shuttle Challenger Address to the
A Professor for the University of Massachusetts Lowell, Carol Hay, addresses the manor of the misconception that women professors have one job, to teach. Hay writes this to express her opinion about how students may believe that women professors are going to coddle them, or in a guy's case, be their “plaything”. In order for Hay’s point to be heard she uses a strict, yet pleading, tone to get her readers to understand that being a woman professor can be tough. In today's world many people don't grasp the fact that women aren't just toys or always supposed to treat people like their children. A professor that is a woman is indeed professional about her job so students need to understand that being a professor is the only thing they are to them.
This is what gives the author Sally Kohn her ethos or in other words her reliability and credibility. Kohn is one of the main dynamic voices in America today, a CNN political analyst and the Daily Beast, furthermore she is a prevalent keynote speaker. Beforehand a Fox News supporter, the motivation for her broadly seen TED Talk. Sally writing has showed up in the Washington Post, New York Times, New York Magazine, More Magazine, RollingStone.com, Elle.com, USA Today, Time, Afar Magazine