Augustus – Chen 7I Discuss Augustus’ use of propaganda in BOTH establishing AND maintaining his power. Augustus, born as Gaius Octavius, started his rise to power when his great-uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated during the Ides of March, 15 March 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was named dictator for 10 years and a small group of around 60 Romans became wary of his power threatening the republic. And so the group of conspirators assassinated Caesar in the hopes of ‘saving Rome’. Fortunately for Octavian (as he was known at the time), relativity fortunately anyway, in Caesar’s will, he had adopted him as his son and made him his heir which helped kick-start his rise to power.
After Julius Caesar was plotted against and killed in 44 BCE by two Roman Senators, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, who thought, along with other senators that Julius was trying to become a dictator of the Empire (Badian) and therefore wanted to get rid of him. Mark Antony he was next in line to the
Claudius was the first emperor not to be born in Italy. Everyone thought Claudius would be a puppet emperor, but he proved them wrong. In forty-two Ad, a revolt happened led by Marcus Furius Camillus Scribonianus. The rebellion never really started so it was easy to end. After the rebellion, Claudius decided to invade and conquer Britain.
The Roman Empire started when Pax Romana or Roman peace began in 27 BCE under the rule of Augustus Caesar. During Pax Romana, Rome had fair laws, a participatory government, growth and trade. But no peace can last forever. In 200 CE, Pax Romana comes to an end. Only twenty years later, foreigners start invading Rome.
The Gracchi were officials in the Roman administration known as tribunes. The two brothers introduced the populist government changes and numerous land reforms and are referred to as the fathers of populism and socialism. Julius Caesar – Julius Caesar lived between 100-44 BCE and was a ruler in the Roman Republic. He is considered one of the greatest army generals in the world’s history owing to his conquests across Europe. Caesar is also credited for the precedence of the formation of the Roman Empire and he was killed by his rivals at the senatorial room.
For my comparison essay, I chose to compare Julius Caesar with Malcolm X. I chose Malcolm X because I do not know much about him. I hope researching and writing this essay will help me to learn more about him. Julius Caesar was bornin Rome in July 100 BC as Gaius Julius Caesar. Despite being born to a very powerful father and into a family that claimed to be descendants of Gods, Caesar lived an ordinary life, however, little is known about his childhood. His father died in 85 BC and he became the head of the family.
First, Masinissa, who provided service to Rome during the war, was crowned King of greater Numidia and the ally of Rome. Second, Carthage was forced to pay a tribute of around 200 talents and all warships were given to Rome along with the remaining war elephants of the Carthaginians (Morey, 1901). Carthage was also to pay a large indemnity to Rome in silver.
Caesar let Vercingetorix go without hurting him. He then went against him and got a army to destroy Caesar. Vercingetorix then had his men retreat instead of continuing to fight a war with Caesar because he wanted his men to live and there would not be no one left in Gaul. Caesar ended up getting Vercingetorix to surrender and ended the war. If Caesar would've just killed him then and there, he could have stopped an eight year war from happening.
After the civil war had ended with Pompey’s defeat, Caesar quickly gained political power and control over the Roman Republic, becoming a temporary dictator in 49. During his reign he was seen as an effective leader implementing a number of reforms in Roman society and earning the people’s unwavering support and admiration. Unfortunately, on March 15, 44 BCE Caesar was assassinated by conspirators and marked one of the most significant turning points in Roman history. The cause to conspire against Caesar was a combination of both political fear and personal animosity. By gauging the accounts written by Suetonius and Nicolaus it was clear that Caesar’s surge in power had given him too much leverage over the governance of Rome to the extent that the senate could no longer compete with him.
The reason of this difference is, that the Carthaginians employed foreign mercenaries; and that on the contrary the Roman armies are composed of citizens, and of the people of the country (Polybius, n.d.), in this respect the government of Rome is greatly preferable to that of Carthage .Also as Carthage 's military battled the Greeks over control of the island of Sicily they were influenced to development of the Carthaginians ' weapons and tactics, causing Carthage to adopt the Greek-style hoplite soldier fighting in the phalanx formation (Wikipedia (2017).The Romans had pool of hundreds of thousands of small farmers to draw upon. The Carthaginians used mainly mercenaries and federates. The Carthaginians, in the
After his defeat of Licinius he had renamed Byzantium as Constantinople, and immediately upon his return from the West he began to rebuild the city on a greatly enlarged pattern as his permanent capital and the “second Rome.” The dedication of Constantinople (May 330) confirmed the divorce, which had been in the making for more than a century, between the emperors and Rome. Rome had long been unsuited to the strategic needs of the empire. It was now to be left in splendid isolation, as an enormously wealthy and prestigious city,still the emotional focus of the empire,but of limited political
The next change brought about by Jefferson’s election was who was running the country. After Thomas Jefferson served his two terms in office, two more Republican Presidents succeeded him. James Madison and James Monroe followed in Thomas’s footsteps by continuing his work to reverse Federalists policies, such as the excise tax and Judiciary Act of 1801. Jefferson strongly believed that expansion into the west was the key to a strong nation, purchased Louisiana from the French government for 15 million dollars. The next two Republicans, who were , with Jefferson, also known as the Virginia Dynasty, also continued western expansion.
Triumvirates were a group of three people who ran Rome.The first triumvirate consisted of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus. Eventually, the first triumvirate fell and Julius Caesar rose to power calling himself Dictator for Life. The second triumvirate was no different, consisting of Marc Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian (later known as Augustus) Caesar. As history repeated itself Octavian, Julius Caesar 's son, rose to power. However, he declared himself emperor and thus started the era of Roman emperors.
Sharing a faith gave conquerors and the conquered common ground. Clovis became the leader and had almost all of Gaul under his control by the time of his death in 511. He was first in line of the Kings known as the Merovingians. After he died, bloody battles always happened to find successors. Rivals would always end up tearing the kingdom to pieces so by the 8th century, the mayors of the palace were behind the throne In 723, Mayor Charles Martel led an army and defeated Muslim troops invading from Spain, which halted Islam’s expansion into the West Charles named the dynasty ‘Carolingians’ The first king of the Carolingians was his son Pepin the Short.
According to Suetonius, a famous Ancient Roman historian, Tiberius brought Caligula to Capri to allow him to live in order to “rear a viper for the Roman people” and that Caligula was already cruel and vicious from before he arrived at the island. In 33 CE, Caligula was appointed as quaestor, an official who managed the financial affairs of the empire, and kept that position until his rise to emperor, and just two years later was named a joint heir to Tiberius’