Galileo Galilei was believed to be a heretic for opposing the belief of the Catholic Church, despite him being scientifically correct. With the invention of the telescope, Galileo Galilei had the ability to study the function of the universe and publish his scientific observations, raising the attention of the Catholic Church. Heliocentrism and the Catholic Church Timeline, states “The Catholic Church told Galileo to stop sharing his theory in public in the year of 1615. Along with that, the Catholic Church added Copernicus’s work (and others supporting the heliocentric model to its list of banned books)” (Doc A :Timeline).
He truly changed the way that humans saw the Earth and the universe. Galileo transformed the way that merchants and armies navigated the oceans, and how astronomers saw the heavens. Galileo single-handedly disproved the Catholic Church, one of the most influential institutions during the time of the Scientific Church. Galileo discovered the 4 moons of Jupiter, the phases of Mars and Venus, sunspots, and valleys, mountains, and craters on the moon, revelations that could not be envisioned by the average individual. Therefore, it is clear that Galileo was not an ordinary man, rather, he was a visionary and a man of superior intellectual capacity.
He was born on December 27th, 1572 in Weil der Stadt, Wurttemburg Holy Roman Empire. The famous astronomer is most known for his discovery of the Law of Planetary Motion. As result of his discovery, he influenced future scientists and their studies. An example would be Isaac Newton, and his Theory of Universal
Galileo Galilei was born on February 15, 1564, in Pisa Italy. He studied astronomy, invented new astronomic devices, and discovered some of the most important celestial bodies we know of today. While Galileo was very influential, his research was limited by Europe's environment which prevented him from making possible discoveries and inventions. The Roman Catholic Church in 17th-century Europe prevented Galileo from reaching his full potential, ultimately causing us to be behind in astronomic knowledge in the present day than we should have been. Back in the 17th century, people were very religious based and used the church's ideas to sway their opinions and control their lives.
Galileo was fundamental in the origin of lunar study in being the first to use a telescope to observe the moon and publicize opinions about its surface. Another surveyor of the moon was Alfred Wegener. Wegener proposed meteoric impact long before anyone else. However, the scientific community did not listen to him because of his theory of plate tectonics and Pangea. Alfred Wegener found the correct origin of the moon and its surface features.
Born on December 27, 1571 in Weil der Stadt, Württemberg, Johannes Kepler wasn’t your first pick as a genius. A sickly child, Kepler didn’t look like the next mathematician or astronomer, but with an IQ of about 175, he became just that! After his intelligence was revealed, he obtained a scholarship to the University of Tübingen. He studied Copernicus and his theories, and it was there at the university where he found his love for astronomy. Later on, Kepler taught math, became a mathematician and astronomer, wrote multiple books, and devised multiple theories and ideas.
Galileo Galilei, was born February 15, 1564 into a world where “science” did not really exist and died January 8, 1642, leaving a world altered forever by “science.” His scientific journey began at the young age of seventeen when he started studying medicine. By age eighteen he had become more interested in mathematics. When he was twenty-two he made his first attribution to science when he
Sir Isaac Newton is probably one of the most influential person in the scientific world. Born December 25, 1642, in a town called Woolsthorpe, England, not expecting to live much longer after he was born. His grandmother took care of him most of his life because his father died and his mother remarried and moved away. Going to school to a Free Grammar School but not really overachieving in any of his classes he still managed to go to Trinity College Cambridge. Newton graduated with his bachelor's degree in 1665, but he could not furthur what he already knew because the college had closed due to a disease that was spreading around the school.
Autumn Stern Galileo Trial Summary + Copernicus Write Up In the early 17th century, there was no doubt that the Catholic church held extreme power throughout Europe. They also held to the geocentric theory (all planets, heavenly bodies and the sun revolving around the earth) put forth by Ptolemy and Aristotle because of how neatly it could fit into the current teachings. Unlike this theory, however, Galileo enforced Copernicus’ heliocentric theory with inductive reasoning rather than deductive. Galileo made observations about the moons of Jupiter and their orbit around Jupiter, which he likened to a smaller version of their solar system.
Galileo became a professor of mathematics in Padua. During this time his income increased but due to the death of his father, he was expected to take care of the finances for the rest of his family. Here at Padua he was allowed to speak more openly and taught for eighteen years. His lectures focused mainly on geometry, and astronomy. He also continued his work of the movement of objects during this time.
The second was the Ptolemaic or Earth-centered Universe, were the sun orbits the Earth. Galileo faced much opposition from the Catholic Church, and was repeatedly harassed and condemned by his contemporaries. The letter he wrote to Christina was to clearly state his view of mixing science and religion. He projected himself as a man that was only trying to expose the truth, but he was also trying to
During the early 1570s, when Galileo was eight years old, his family moved to Florence and he began his formal education in Vallombrosa Abbey at the Camaldolese Monastery. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, a well known musician, was determined that Galileo would become a doctor and sent him to the University of Pisa in 1581, despite Galileo considering priesthood. There Galileo studied medicine and the philosophy of Aristotle for the next four years. He never seemed to have taken medical studies seriously, attending courses on his true interests which were in mathematics and natural
Curious with the world and stars around him, he designed an improved telescope which allowed him to view the moons surface, and as far as the rings of Saturn. In the 16th and 17th century, that is quite a feat. Also, Galileo had great contributions to the beginning phases of laws of motion. Having done many experiments of the rate in which objects fell, helping him develop the concept of inertia. While viewing the heavens through his improved telescope, he saw moons orbiting Jupiter and the roughness of our moon.
One of the most well known astronomers of all time is Nicolaus Copernicus. He was known to think outside of the box and dreamt of bigger things in life. Copernicus did not see the world and its surroundings like everyone else did. Having such a brilliant mind helped him discover an important theory. Many scientists and astronomers would never see our solar system the same.