Gandhi Educational Philosophy

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Adhyayan) .The study revealed: Karma Yoga was the base of Gandhi’s educational philosophy. As per Gandhi, to make good character was the motive of education. Gandhi was very affected by ideallistic thought of Indian culture; he was in against to western materialism. Annie Besant & Gandhi dedicated their live to their service of planning through education; they taught the message of humanism socialism through their institutions Educational programmes (Vaid, 1985). Annie Besant & Gandhi both have separate methods to synthesize eastern educational philosophy with custom, science and culture. Their mind was setup with clear motive, direction and they believed that betterment of values was only possible with help of education. According to them…show more content…
Major Findings: (1) Both Sri Aurobindo and Mahatma Gandhi aimed at all-round development of the individual. Sri Aurobindo stressed the spiritual aspects, while Mahatma Gandhi emphasized social perfection. (2) Both stressed lifelong education and self-realisation as the highest aims of education. (3) Both emphasized that the society and education should help in the transformation of man. (4) Sri Aurobindo stressed an integrated curriculum which should include activities, subjects and spiritual experiences, all in a unifying whole. Mahatma Gandhi stressed that all the subjects should be taken from day-to-day materials so that they could be linked with the past and taught in such a way so as to make them useful in the future. Sri Aurobindo recommended English as the medium of instruction. However, Mahatma Gandhi believed that the mother tongue is the best mode of giving instructions. (6) Both preferred student 's participation in the teaching-learning process and suggested methods such as activity, observation, self-discovery, cooperative learning, learning by doing, learning by self-experience. (6) Both assigned a respectable and responsible job to the teacher and discarded punishment. (7) The following aspects of the theories of Sri Aurobindo and Mahatma Gandhi have relevance in the modern education system: (i) all-round development of the personality of the child, (ii) compulsory education at least from 6 to 14 years, (iii) lifelong and continuing education, (iv) free and…show more content…
Major Findings: (1) Gandhiji’s educational philosophy reflects idealism. (2) Gandhiji’s educational philosophy is consistent with biological naturalism. (3) Gandhiji advocated a pragmatic approach towards the education of Indians through Basic Craft as the centre of education. (4) Gandhiji’s views on education are reflected in various forms in the reports of: (i) the Zakir Hussain Committee, (ii) the Education commission 1964-66, (iii) the Ishwar Bhai Patel /Review Committee 1977, (iv) the Adiseshiah Committee 1978, (v) the National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986, (vi) the Report of the Ramamurty Committee, 1990 for review of NPE 1986, and (vii) the introduction of vocational courses and their success uphold Gandhiji’s pragmatic view on education

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