Eurogang program, defines a street gang as “any durable, street gang-oriented youth group whose own identity includes involvement in illegal activity” (Klein 2007, 18). The National Youth Gang Center (NYGC) defines a Youth Gang as, “a self-formed association of peers having the following characteristics: three or more members, generally ages 12 to 24; a name and some sense of identity, generally indicated by such symbols as style of clothing, graffiti, and hand signs; some degree of permanence and organization; and an elevated level of involvement in delinquent or criminal activity” (Howell and Egley, 2008.). This social concern was directly from the increased number of youth gangs throughout this country. This gang mentality and social deviance have been made, note of and documented over the years. “Prior to the 1970’s, gang violence was still popularly associated with white ethnic enclaves in the cities of the Midwest and East, and gang incidents were typically brawls involving fists, sticks and knives.
Those are the at-risk gangs or thugs that is frequently said to African American gangs. In the 1990s, gang violence was on the rise, where it was dominantly founded in youths. Anderson, Dyson, and Lee (1996) argued that when a group of African American youths join together and commits delinquent acts and crime, they already categorized as gangs to the American public. This affect and many other affects is what creates an increase in gang violence. Those other factors are socioeconomic status, history, race, gendered, and geographic background.
Throughout the 17th-century gangs have been causing havoc in people's life and destroying the society. The National Institute of Justice (2011) has defined a gang as "A group of collective members which create an atmosphere of intimidation among citizens." Many of these gangs are well organized, using different forms of violence to control neighbourhoods and to conduct their illegal activities. The National Gang Threat Assessment (2011) reports that “Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions.” Street Gangs have caused incidences of violence that is confined in the inner city of many countries. Most gangs are made up of young males that are of a similar background and have a desire of acquiring
The settings of a family which has a negative effect on family and boys. Mainly what the characters are inclined to do against each other, the dysfunctional family life and the one parent family. The story has increased my knowledge about gangs and the impact on boys, that positivity of one person is better than the adversity of a gang. The author Scott Monk message to boys is being in a gang, especially a criminal gang is a futile, it is informative in regards that boys can do positive things in their life, that the need to turn their back on gangs and violence. Another aspect is that fighting amongst each gang is fostering a criminal environment.
There are a number of reasons why people want to join hate groups. People, especially younger people, want a place to fit in. Those hate groups sugar coat things and treat a recruiter like they matter to lure in the people who are desperate to fit in. That’s how some gangs lure in children into their gang. Any person from any background can join a hate group even doctors and lawyers join hate groups.
Gangs in the United States Gangs have been a part of the United States culture since the beginning of our nation. They are an organized group of criminals who defend their turf and mark the streets and territory with graffiti (Stark 15). Most gang members wear color bandanas in order to represent their gang and to create an identity. Today, gang violence is a huge problem in America because it creates homicides and violence crimes. There is also a problem regarding the reason why young people join gangs.
There is a steady increase in organized crime recently and a rising exploitation of children being recruited into youth gangs. Considering the increasing number of youth involved in gangs, how does the lifestyle of a young gang member differ from that of a child who lives a normal life as a law-abiding citizen? To answer the question, this paper will use Adam Lusher’s article, Gangs Recruiting Children as Young as 12 as Class A Drug Dealers, in part with other sources to gain deeper insight to the following: defining organized crime, explaining why children join youth gangs, the structure of gangs and experiences one goes through, how we can move forward to prevent the increase of children in gangs, and how we can improve the system. To briefly
Additionally, gang members nowadays become addicted to their own drugs they supply. Such addiction follows by behavior that makes them commit violent offenses. According to Matthew O’Deane “a major concern is that illegal drugs are one of the primary causes of gang violence offenses in our society. Violence occurs in connection with drugs and gangs owing to the fact that users under the influence commit violent crimes because of the effects of the substance, or users commit violent crimes to get money for drugs” (Gangs and Drugs). In my neighborhood, I personally knew situations equivalent to O’Deane’s thesis.
Individual risk factors are personal issues that could increase the likelihood of a young person joining a gang, which corresponds to the individual youth violence factors. Researchers noticed four recurrences that can influence younger persons to join a gang. The first issue is antisocial behavior. Antisocial behavior can involve delinquent/aggressive behavior and violence; which, in turn, can then push an individual to join a gang (Lahey et al. 1999; Thornberry et al., 2003).
violence, aggression. and inhuman ways of crimes as' shown in the crime re-enactment shows. Increase in sensationalism and violence in the crime re-enactment shows having such impacts on the audience which \\ ould disturb the information function of media There is a lot of fear about the content of the crime re-enactment shows these days wh ich often does not serve the mission of Journalism that is information the public (true and subjective ). The media is known to be the most powerful means of communication. Media IS to be the voice for the voiceless in the society and be a public watchdog.
Early on, MS-13 was a loosely organized collection of smaller gangs that focused on extorting local businessmen and small-scale drug trafficking operations. Unfortunately for law enforcement, MS-13’s operations have expanded past extortion, homicide and drug trafficking. Sonja Wolf finds that, MS-13 engages in robbery, auto theft, rapes, kidnappings, and the trafficking of women for sexual exploitation,” and that, “Over time, gang members have been increasingly implicated in robberies, the illegal possession or carrying of firearms, drug sales, rapes, and especially extortions and homicides. Gang youth have moved from levying minor taxes in their territories to running extensive extortion rackets. Shopkeepers, sex workers, students and teachers, taxi and bus companies must all comply with the requests, though the transport sector is most heavily affected.
In the newspaper article Youth Gangs Leading Cause of Delinquencies written by Gene Sherman for the Los Angeles Times, Sherman hits many hard facts regarding the relationship between the youth of the time and the local gangs. Overtime the largely popular Zoot Suits became a badge of delinquency, with more and more of our youth donning these new relaxed and mobile suits they where just assumed to belong to a gang even if they had no official gang ties. “Motives for gang warfare are ridiculous in adult eyes but sometimes lead to planned an bloody fighting” With little to no provocation a war could break out on the street. Just for looking at someone the “wrong” way could end with a knife in your gut. The Zoot Suits themselves were not to
The cultures explained in this article are the include the hundreds of gangs spread across Central and Northern America, and the government and society of these nations. The dominant culture among these is the nation 's governments while the counterculture consists of all the gangs. The Governments, However, are struggling to to dominate the crime caused by gangs members. Dominant cultures have increased the focus of law enforcements toward gang violence and increased punishment for gang activities, such as creating a law that makes it illegal just to be in a gang even if that person was not caught doing anything illegal. Another method used make society safer from gang violence was to try to change and regulate gun laws.
Another example would be Los Angeles police expanding the enforcement of anti gang policies and bringing special gang unites back. Back to Honduras, President Maduro called in the country 's’ military to help the police force fight against the gangs. He also changed Article 332, with massive public support, to make it illegal to belong to a street gang. It’s called illicit association, and breaking this law can send boys and young men to jail. In Central America gang tattoos are as influential as having or not having criminal
Over the years what we have learnt from young people in gangs is that they are very into what they term as street cred and for them this means; 1. The protection of own turf (this used to be post code) 2. Defending of each other 3. Wearing of name brand clothes and their gang colours which will be their gang identity 4. Communicating in their own/street language 5.