In Chicago, and all over the nation, the effects of gang activity have been displayed, specifically in low income and poverty torn communities. Poverty is measured depending on a family’s annual income and determining if the amount falls below the poverty threshold for the family’s size. If the annual income does fall below the threshold, then the family and every individual in it is considered to be in poverty. Gang activity is more visible in the areas specifically in major cities similar to Chicago where poverty is a commonality in communities. although gangs might add structure in order where the government fails to do so in the projects and and similar low income communities the negative effects such as the distribution of drugs, violence, …show more content…
The characteristics of the environment in which they are raised matter, especially taking into account those of the direct family in which they are raised in. When considering the difference between children who have experienced poverty, those who grew up in better neighborhoods are more likely to complete high school, finish four years of college compared to children who were raised in neighborhoods with a high crime rate, and where the financial difficulties of them are mirrored in their peers. Children are not given the same opportunities as their counterparts based upon the location of their birth. Children who are raised in poverty are automatically and unfortunately members of the cycle of poverty, in which crime rates are high, and education quality is …show more content…
Economic inequality is a large factor into the crime rates of a community. In the image of the 3 color coated maps of Chicago identifying poverty levels and drug violations, there is a clear indication that drug violations and abuse is more evident in poverty stricken communities and neighborhoods. The effects of the interconnections between crime rates and poverty is analyzed by Sudhir Venkatesh a sociology student in the non-fiction book, Gang leader for a day. It is in the Robert Taylor Projects where Venkatesh observes the lack of police enforcement, the high rates of homelessness, prostitution, drug abuse, and gang activity. The gang leader he observes often justifies the gang activity, drug distribution and physical assaults of disabled homeless men as “helping his community”(75). However the gang did bring some sort of structure to the Robert Taylor Projects, the only interest that JT, the gang leader, has was profiting off of the drug addictions of his community. Often throughout the book Venkatesh contrasts the effects of having low and high level of gang activity, arguing that teenagers with “appetites for crime” would have possibly been involved in misdemeanors, small crimes such as vandalism and shoplifting but with the emergence of JT and the heavy gang activity, they are more likely “to be involved in the drug trade”(72). One of the effects of having high gang activity is how more
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“Gang Leader for a Day: A Rogue Sociologist Takes to the Streets” by Sudhir Venkatesh is a book that described the recollection of Venkatesh’s time with the Black Kings, a crack-dealing gang, in the Robert Taylor Homes. Venkatesh was a sociology student at the University of Chicago and began a project in which he conducted years of research in the urban poor of Chicago. He “ditched the questionnaire in favor of just spending time with his subjects…as he tried to learn about their lives on their terms, not his”. He wanted to discover how people, such as the crack-dealing gangs, tenant leaders, and cops in the projects buy, sell, and use drugs. Hierarchy and social structure was described in Venkatesh’s autobiography of what occurred in the Robert Taylor Homes.
The statistics are used to explain why so many crimes take place in this city. Reverend Williams, the Father of a son who was shot and killed explained that, “When brothers and sisters can’t get jobs, or this little guy is trying to take care of his mother, he’s going to find a way.” This means that, that child will commit whatever crime they have to to keep their family alive. There are also many facts and references to other articles and news reporters that have done research on the issue of crimes in low income neighborhoods. These statistics and facts gives the readers a sense of reliable source and allows the readers to gain trust in this article, which also shows the use of
Gangster Affects Community Anecdote: According to the website article written by Doyle Murphy in the New York Daily News L.A. gangsters were charged in 2002 for kidnapping, raping, and murdering a teen. In 2002, a fifteen-year-old teenage named Brenda Sierra was on her way to her school in the morning. As she was walking on the sidewalk suddenly she was snatched off by the fearsome Lott 13 gang. The next day, her body was found in the San Bernardino Mountains.
In the chapter, Sante (1991) believed gangs emerged in rapidly growing cities out of the conditions created by multiple waves of immigration and urban overcrowding (1). The book suggest that street gangs emerged from conditions of social disorganization, overwhelming housing, and welfare capacities of the Northwest (2). Government corruptions such as that of the Civil war clause gave rise to gang riots resulting in the deaths of over 15 black men and the disappearance of over 50 more (4). Other explanations given were: marginalization, youth conflict, and defiance (6). Still the book offers more examples like that of racial unity and empowerment, as well as gangs provided lower income tenants protection and financial resources they otherwise
Gang violence is running rampnd across the nation. Just last week over two hundred cases of gang violence were recorded. As a nation, we can’t stand for this any longer. This is getting out of hand and it puts the public in danger. Now I have created a novel solution to this problem.
On November 5, 2015 we had the privilege of having Dr. Charles Katz come into our class to speak about his work with gangs, specifically Gang Truce as a Form of Violence Intervention. For this paper, I will be sharing what I learned about gang truce and its relation to public health by answering several questions involving violence and how it can be used to effect public health. These questions include why gang violence is considered a public health issue; how a gang truce and its mechanics address the public health issue of gang violence; and what are the problems surrounding the gang truce model as a means of addressing gang violence. Gang violence is a large issue that involves the wellbeing of many individuals, from the gang members to
Chicago has had its ups and downs in the cities violent history, but early 2016 to present has been an exception. Chicago increased in homicides by 59 percent in 2016 and it has only become worse since then with a 29 percent increase in just the first few months of 2017 (Asher, FiveThirtyEight.com; Ford, The Atlantic). It is obvious that something needs to be done, but so far there have not been any major changes made or drastic measures taken in order to improve Chicago’s current state of being. Right now, the three most predominant causes are Chicago’s Police, Chicago’s many gangs, and firearms, hand guns in particular. If the city wants to make any improvements whatsoever then it needs act decisively on gangs and guns, start using different
Families that are poor or have a low income are more likely to commit crimes for the purpose of their own needs to survive. “It is a fact that neighborhoods where the poor are concentrated are more prone to high crime rates, and poor residents are the most common victims of crimes” (1). The best explanation for this is that poorer people have the same needs as a regular middle-class citizen. The poor citizens need certain things to help him or her live a healthy life, such as healthcare, food stamps, and more employment options. One may argue that healthcare is too expensive and that food stamps have been taken away from many people.
The Chicago Metropolitan Area has an unfortunate reputation for being dangerous, particularly in certain regions of the city, such as the south side and the west side. Generally, crime rates can be explained by a number of factors, such as education, income, politics, and more; however, explaining how those factors have come to be and how they influence the safety of a city can be a bit more complex. When examining both historical and modern policies, it becomes possible to discover the correlation between these policies and the factors such as education and income that can be seen influencing crime rates in modern cities. To break this down further, the West Chicago neighborhood, West Garfield Park, will be examined to see if a correlation
Being in a gang can severely hurt someone’s education because “former gang members… [are] half as likely to graduate from high school” (Armstrong). This will affect someone their entire life because without a high school diploma it is difficult to find a minimum wage paying job. This will affect someone economically because it is hard to live and support a family with the minimum wage. That might be why former gang members are “twice as likely to be receiving public assistance” and why they have “an increased likelihood of economic hardship”
The mass media and many other people have attempted to define the problems of inner city ghettos in terms of American racism and brutal police tactics; however, according to Sociologist Victor Rios in his book Punished Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys, the inner city ghettos exist in many of American’s largest cities and are a vicious web of concentrated poverty, disconnected youth, and a culture of gang violence. Adding to these incorrigible conditions, are the punitive social controls used by the police, politicians, school officials, mass media, businesses, and families that prioritize racial profiling and violent control. The reality of the inner city culture is extremely genuine with an arrangement of norms, values and habits
City of Chicago, R. Daley & T. Hillard, Gang and Narcotic Related Violent Crime: 1993–1997, p. 7 (June
The youth gang individuals in Las Cruces is identified with reinforcers, notwithstanding to pro-gang attitudes, lawbreaking peers, and sequential age. In, Phoenix, being older, male, and having both pro-gang attitudes and lawbreaking peers is connected with gang membership, notwithstanding, those who relate gangs with punishers tend not to be in gangs. In addition, the present concentrate unmistakably supports the consideration of hypothesis grounded variables. The bits of knowledge increased about the one of a kind contrasts between the two group's gang issues originated from the social learning
While these situations seem to be prevalent among gangs, it is not their goal to create such an environment. Gangs are generally composed of African-American men living in impoverished neighborhoods who are seeking some sense of stability and support in their lives. The reason they turn towards gangs and gang behavior for this support is that they are “...trapped in a political and economic system that oppresses them” in the United States and not simply joining out of delinquency (Keiser 2007:74). These men, usually quite young, see their community struggle to support itself, watch people rotate in and out of prisons, and understand the struggle they will face in such an oppressive society that they are destined to fight back against. This type of background brings a
Poverty’s effects on crime can be explained through a variety of reasons. There is a higher rate of mental illness among the poor than the rich. Poverty can lead to high levels of stress, which in turn drive individuals to commit theft, robbery or other violent acts. Moreover, poverty may lead to actual or perceived inferior education. Youth with less access to quality schools, jobs, and role models and opportunities end up spending time on the streets associating with gangs.