Gang Violence Model

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Gang Violence Gang violence can be seen in a variety of settings with extreme violence typically as a rite of passage into a gang or retaliation (James & Gilliland, 2017). For example, in order for a potential gang member to enter a gang, they may have to partake in an initiation ceremony where they murder an individual. The effects of gang violence include community disorganization, homicide, and drug use. Gangs are typically formed in areas with weak social institutes and mechanisms for social control (Papachristos & Kirk, 2006). Gang members of social immobility, ethnic heterogeneity, and low socioeconomic status form social disorganization in the community (Papachristos & Kirk, 2006). Gang related homicide is a large effect of gang violence.…show more content…
This model works with individuals who are at high risk for violence and are severely mentally ill or emotionally disturbed (James & Gilliland, 2017). The risk principle of the model matches specific services to the clients (Bonta & Andrews, 2007). The needs principle examines and focuses on the client’s criminogenic needs. The responsivity principle provides interventions that focus on the clients learning style, motivations, and ability and strengths (Bonta & Andrews, 2007). The risk needs responsivity model implements cognitive behavioral therapy, social skills training, anger management, role rehearsal, modeling, and shaping of prosocial behavior (James & Gilliland, 2017). I believe by implementing the risk needs assessment; clients are able to get the assistance they need to understand the risks of gang…show more content…
Research is limited when examining the needs of different genders and the effective strategies for gang reduction (Hoang, 2007). Effective strategies targeted for females include counseling services geared towards parenting gynecological care, gender identity, self-esteem, and abuse (Hoang, 2007). Females who are in the process of transitioning out of gangs are in a critical state and should be counseled through this process. I believe gender differences exist in counseling and should taken into consideration when implementing
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