Gangs in the United States Gangs have been a part of the United States culture since the beginning of our nation. They are an organized group of criminals who defend their turf and mark the streets and territory with graffiti (Stark 15). Most gang members wear color bandanas in order to represent their gang and to create an identity. Today, gang violence is a huge problem in America because it creates homicides and violence crimes. There is also a problem regarding the reason why young people join gangs.
Gang effects on the community: Gangs has their own culture and characteristics that includes their dress codes, identifying symbols, language, graffiti, drugs use &trafficking, use of other narcotics, and involvement in other illegal activities. However the nature and characteristics of gangs differ from community to community. Gangs however are found to be more prevalent in high crime areas and are also responsible for the majority of crimes committed. However to understand the function of gangs within the community we have to delve once more into the definition which is characterized as an identifiable group of people who: are generally perceived as a distinct aggregation by others recognize themselves as an street identifiable group (almost invariably with a group name) have been involved in a sufficient number of delinquent incidents to call forth a consistent negative response from neighborhood residents and/or law enforcement agencies. (Reference: Klein 1971; Klein and Maxson 2006) According to Howell et al., (2002) most of the less-populated areas, including rural counties, that first experienced
The study was a mixed method research in which data was obtained using interviews, participant observation, documentary and case study analysis. According to the findings of the study Gangsterism is one of the sources of violence in Western Cape schools. They addresses that in Coloured communities, gangs is part of the fabric of that community. There is a huge number of gangs in any coloured community given the social community backgrounds. There is lot of gangs in their areas and there is also lot gang violence in schools.
The word gang may make individuals quiver, as gangs are associated with gruesome criminal activities. Formation of gangs and gang violence is a global crisis. Some of the most notorious gangs are located in; Europe, Asia and Africa. However, the majority is located in the Americas, namely; Bloods, Crips, Aryan Brotherhood, and Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13), (Rodriguez, 2005). It is said that the rise of gangs in American came after the end of the American Revolution (Howell & Moore, 2010).
There are numerous issues that deal with the American criminal justice system, but the two I found most prominant that occur on a daily basis is the abuse from police officers and clear racism shown by the American criminal justice system. To begin, racism as we know is a prejudice directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. In the criminal justice system African Americans are directly targeted and punished in a higher more aggressive way, than say someone who is caucasian and committed the same exact crime. Racism is more often than not, the motive for official misconduct. There are examples of racism from every known region in the United States, spanning across centuries from slavery to
The block parties, graffiti art, rapping, disc jockeying and diverse forms of dancing built Hip Hop by the black youth. They expressed their feelings, thoughts, but most importantly the problems they had to face, which were related to their race, gender and social positions. The rights that were given to black people during and after the Civil Rights Movement left the following generations at a lack of how to continue the fight for black rights. Hip Hop gave them this platform and with the usage of black nationalism, Hip Hop can explore the challenges that confront American-Americans in the post-Civil Rights Movement era. In the 1990’s Hip Hop lived its prime, sub genres started to appear and famous groups, MCs led the whole community, providing a voice to a group of people trying to deliver their message.
The media has fed myself and others lies about what gangs truly are and what their purpose is. The overarching theme of gangs is that they are dangerous, full of thugs, blood-thirsty, and out to cause trouble. The truth is that they are more complicated than what society and the media has often made them out to be. There are multiple factors that go into making a gang what it is including why they form, the environment that their society and culture create for them, the structure and laws they enforce within the group, and the harsh reality of how difficult it is to leave. The first lie I was told about gangs is that they are formed with an intent to cause harm to others and to create a dangerous environment.
Street gangs are social and criminal problems that affect the society. Street gangs are majorly composed of juvenile delinquents and youths in the community. Gang violence is thus an economic and social issue that affects the general public and business community. Street gangs are violent and are majorly found in big cities. They involve themselves in criminal activities such as vandalism, binge drinking, looting, homicide, theft, drugs and alcoholism, weapon trafficking, and kidnapping.
Their party targeted police brutality and ‘white capitalist control’. The Black Panther Party succeeded in employing more assertive and aggressive means of protest, through the Black Panthers, which formed patrols to keep an eye on police activities in the ghettos. These groups were equipped with guns, and were prepared to use them. The Black Panther Party also established a strong presence in the ghettos, by setting up self-help schemes and clinics where blacks could go for advice on their rights, as well as giving food to those who could not afford it. The Black Power Movement was successful in many ways, and it’s legacy has had a powerful effect on how African Americans view themselves today.