Bioremediation Of Oil Lab Report

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Evaluation of Oil Degrading Efficiency of Ganoderma Lucidum for Bioremediation of Oil-Polluted Water

CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
One of the world’s important sources of energy is the oil. Increasing demand for oil leads to increasing possibility of spillage in the sea.High demand in oil tells that there is a bigger chance of human error and machine error. Distribution of oil will expand that will result to expansion of submarine oil pipelines. This may cause leakage from the pipelines or accidents in the tanker.
Oil spill is theleakage of petroleum onto the surface of a large body of water. Oceanic oil spills became a major environmental problem in the 1960s, chiefly as a result of intensified petroleum exploration
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1. There is no significant difference between the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
2. There is no significant difference between the Dissolved Oxygen (DO) of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
3. There is no significant difference between the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
4. There is no significant difference between the pH levels of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
5. There is no significant difference between the turbidity of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
6. There is no significant difference between the alkalinity of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma Lucidum.
7. There is no significant difference between the total hardness of the contaminated water before and after the treatment of Ganoderma
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This study is limited to the treatment of oil spill by mycoremediation process using GanodermaLucidum as mycoremediator.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK The conceptual framework in this study acts as aninitialmodelto represent the tentative idea on how the research will be done. It summarizes the variables influencing in the study and explore how they may change the hypothesis. It also explains the basic methodology for this research. The conceptual framework represents the selected methods that may assess and refine this study to a realistic and relevant research. Mycoremediation under bioremediation process was used. This bioremediation process was able to use fungus. In this study we used GanodermaLucidum as mycoremediator based on related studies that were also concerned on treating oil spill. Synthetic oil spill was then analysed before and after the experiment. The physical and chemical properties of the contaminated water were determined by the institute and laboratory that conduct water analysis for oil spill. Results of analysis were compared. The water was the output of this study that was presented and interpreted for the completion of the

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