The comparison of effects indicated that alcoholic extracts were generally more effective than aqueous extract. Tridax procumbens L employed as medicine for a variety of ailments including jaundice, anticoagulant and in dysentery [19, 30, 31]. Dube et al  undergo investigation to determine the appropriate protocol for the rapid propagation of Tridax plant and investigate that the medium containing 4 mg/L BAP along with 0.5 mg/L of 2,4-D proved to be best for in vitro shoot formation and multiplication at these concentration. The effect of an aqueous extract of the leaves of Tridax procumbens L on the haematology, plasma biochemistry and ocular indices of oxidative stress was investigated in alloxan induced diabetic rats. This study revealed the presence of pharmacologically active compound in the leaf extract .
Leaf juice is used to stop vomiting andthe seeds are used in the treatment of toothache. Fruits are considered anthelmintic, laxative and digestive; useful in pruritus, leucoderma and asthma (Shahidullah et al., 2010, Jain SK et al., 1986).Traditionally the root is used as a digestive, carminative and astringent to the bowels, cardiac tonic, expectorant and aphrodisiac; useful in asthma, dry cough, catarrh, colic, flatulence, worms, dysuria, toothache and fever. like fruits, leaves, seeds, roots contain a wide range of compounds including
Conclusion: The yellow bells plants belonging to the family Bignoniaceae.Is planted as an ornamental surub it is widely cultivateted in gardens as an ornamental plants. as per my survey the majority of medicinal activity has been used the flowers and bark are used for treatment of various cancers. An cured by this plants antidiabetes,digestive problems,an control the urinary desease also. however, requires further testing we will finding something ,then we can able to cure any other new disease.
Abstract:Many oxidative stress related diseases are as a result of accumulation of free radicals in the body. A lot of researches are going on worldwide directed towards finding natural antioxidants of plants origins. [Family Asteraceae] aqueous crude extract.The objective of the present study was to evaluate the phytochemical constitution and antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of dried leaves of medicinally important herbs Ocimum sanctum, Mentha spicata. Qualitative analysis of phytochemical constituents’ viz. tannins, phlobatannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, quinones, coumarin, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides and quantitative analysis of total phenolics, alkaloids, saponins and flavonoids was performed by the well-known tests protocol available in the literature.
resistance may provide an additional method for controlling faba bean diseases to be considered in an integrated diseases management. Geetha and Shetty (2002) reported the induction of resistance in pearl millet against downy mildew disease up on treating seeds of the highly susceptible cultivars of pearl millet with the plant activator benzothiadiazole (BTH) (CGA 245704), calcium chloride (CaCl2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). 0.75 per cent BTH, 90 mM CaCl2 and 1.0mM H2O2 were efficient in managing the disease by giving 78 per cent, 66 per cent and 59 per cent protection respectively, against downy mildew disease. In vivo quantification of Sclerospora graminicola by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed reduced fungal biomass in plants induced for resistance. 2.11.
Statement of the Problem This research aims to do the Phytochemical Screening of Psidium guajava to know its active constituents. Significantly, it will seek answers to the following properties: What is the Percentage Yield of Psidium guajava? =(vol.of the plant extract (mL))/(wt.of the plant sample (g)) × 100 Equivalent weight per mL of the plant sample? =(wt.of the plant sample(g))/(vol.of the plant extract (mL)) Moisture Content Determination Ash Content Determination Phytochemical Investigation Hypothesis The study attempts to test the null hypothesis of the phytochemical screening of guava (Psidium guajava) leaves. Ho: Psidium Guajava will not produce positive results to alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, saponins, tanins and carbohydrates.
Latterly the acceptable of traditional medicine as an sussesion form of health maintains and the development of mycobacterial resistance to any antibiotics has tend authors to determinate the antimicrobial viability of the parts medicinal plants36-38 . GC-MS analysis of plants compounds was supply in methanol leaves extraction of Cardaria draba, appear in Table (1). The chromatogram GC-MS of the 46 major peak of the sampls compounds determinates was results in Figure (1). Chromatogram GC-MS analysis of the methanol extract of Cardaria draba showed the presence of forty six peaks and the constitutes depending to the peaks were estimates as following. The next peaks considered to be, 8-Hydroxy-2-octanone, Phosphorothioic acid , S-ester, Pyrrolidine , 1,1'-methylenebis, N-[4-Aminobutyl]aziridine, Cycloheptane , 1,2-dimethoxy-,trans, N-[3-[N-Aziridyl]propylidene] tetrahydrofurfuralamine, o-Cymene, 1,13-tetradecadien-3-one, 5-Octadecenal, 2,6-Nonadienal , (E,Z), Piperidine , 1-(1-propenyl), Imidazole , 2-amino-5-[(2-carboxy)vinyl], S-Benzyl-l-cysteinyl-S-tetrahydropyranyl-l-cysteinyl hydrazide, β-D-Glucopyranose , 1-thio-,1-[N-hydroxy-5-(methylthio)pentar, 9-Oxabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2,6-diol, Formamide
1. Introduction Plumbago zeylanica L. belonging to the family Plumbaginaceae is an important plant of medicinal value. P. zeylanica is greatly valued in Ayurveda for treatment of cough, asthma and gastrointestinal disorders. In Sushrutha Samhitha it has been described as antiseptic, febrifuge, detoxicant, antihelminthic and considered valuable for curing migraine, jaundice, urinary calculi, internal abscesses, seminal weakness, vaginal discharges and insanity. In the Arabian Peninsula, it is mainly distributed over Oman, Yemen and the Southwestern region of Saudi Arabia.
Various tests have been conducted for the qualitative determination of bioactive compounds in the roots of P. zeylanica. In the present investigation, qualitative analysis of four different extracts (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol) of the four herbal drugs was analyzed for phytochemicals. Different solvents have various degrees of solubility for different phytochemicals (Majorie, 1999). Sugars, steroids, flavonoids, quinones, phenols, tannins and terpenoids were present in the roots of P. Zeylanica. Chemical fingerprints obtained by chromatographic techniques are strongly recommended for the quality control of herbal medicines, since they might represent appropriately the chemical integrities of the herbal medicines and its products and therefore be used for authentication and identification of herbal plant (Liang et al., 2004).
To study the variation and assessment of cultural practices in critically endangered S.lappa Saussurea lappa is well-known and important medicinal plant used in several medicinal systems for the treatment of various diseases, like inflammatory diseases, ulcer, asthma and stomach problems. This plant contains essential oils like saussurine, costunolide and lactones. Other pharmacological activity of this plant reported for its hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antifungal effects. This critically endangered medicinal species is enlisted in Appendix I of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) and is among the 214 Himalayan endangered medicinal and aromatic herbs. Botanical name: Saussurea lappa C B Clarke.