Gardner's Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

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Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences. Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences suggests that individuals have different types of intelligences. Multiple Intelligence teaching methods recognize eight types of intelligence: visual-spatial, linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, musical, and most recently naturalist. Gardner (1993) stressed that schools should not only focus on linguistic and logical intelligences but also on the diversity of student’s strengths. In this way, the students’ intelligences can be met and challenged. In line with this, Jensen (1995) claims that 40 percent of our students are auditory learners. Music in the classroom affected students’ mood and behavior, which allows them to feel safe in their environment. Music has positive, measurable, and lasting academic and social benefits. The emotions music evokes help drive attention and creates meaning. Brewer (1995) pointed out that the use of music can teach students how to respond to musical sound and to effectively use it. Music can be used as a tool for success, not necessarily a tool for increasing IQ scores. Music brings appreciation to the artistic features in everyday life (Jensen, 1998). Music in the classroom was supported by ideas found in several areas of research: Brain-based Learning, Multiple Intelligences, Social and Emotional Learning, and Mozart Effect. All these areas promoted the importance of music in the classroom. Chalmers et
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