Introduction Does human population growth affect our world? This has been an ethical dilemma for scientists for many years, and it seems they don’t have any solution to it yet. Human population growth has brought a lot of effect on our world, negative and positive impact. It depends on the environment of the specific area, for example, if an area is under populated, it will need population growth to have the man power in that area ( Aiex, 1994).If the area is overpopulated, population growth will be hazardous because there will have scarce resources in that particular area. In this essay, I will discuss two sides of the dilemma examining each position (pro and cons) critically.
Malthus’s Essay on the Principle of Population was an influential essay that proposed a systematic theoretical approach to population. Malthus had collected empirical data and proposed that human population growth increases at an exponential rate. Whereas, the production of food increases at an arithmetic rate. This means that in the long run arithmetic food growth coupled with an exponential growth of human population would lead to a future where humans have little to no resources to survive on. To avoid this Malthusian catastrophe, Malthus argued for controls on population through preventative and positive checks.
Peter Singer in his famous paper “Famine, Affluence and Morality” begins with assumptions “The suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad” also he gives his second assumption that “if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it”.
In Singer’s “The Singer Solution to World Poverty,” he argues the importance of donation to poor people, which could mean the difference between life and death for children in need. He gives an example for Bob, who has an opportunity to save a child’s life, but he could lose his worthy car. He makes a comparison between people who are capable to donate money to save children lives and people who have no chance to help or donate under certain situation such as Bob. He also encourages people who are in the middle class to donate at a minimum of 200$; furthermore, he thinks that people should donate more like 200.000$ when they consider the level of sacrifice that they would demand of Bob’s situation. He gives some estimates for the amount of donations that people should give to overseas. In his conclusion, he suggests that people should donate money to children if they want to live morally. As a human being, we should consider ourselves in the same situation with children.
“Population, Sustainability, and Malthus: Crash Course World History”, John Green examines one of the theories about the downfall of humanity, proposed by Thomas Malthus. Malthus wrote an essay on the Principles of Population to explain why at the time, population growth was steadily slow. John Green goes ahead to talk about how Malthus compared the poor to rabbits. Expressing that the same powers that constrained the population of rabbits would do likewise to poor people. Forces such as: predators, weather, epidemics and starvation.
First, we all know that homelessness is a problem on the streets of not just the United States, but the world. And, I believe most of it comes due to economic hardships, mental issues, and/or just pure laziness. Needless to say, I know that some of these individuals have nowhere to go. It is the only place they can find shelter and food. And, this action to me is what Charles Darwin calls, “The Survival of the Fittest”. For, these individuals by all means are executing the abilities and skills in which each human being is born with to survive here on Earth. We need the necessities of food, air, water and shelter. Yet, we also need the biological necessities that Ms. Barbra Ehrenreich listed in her article “It Is Now a Crime to Be Poor”. We
In his book, Population Bomb, he argued “through his life that there is an impending doom containing overpopulation and starvation”(Ehrlich 18). Let the facts show that the world has taken the right path toward sustaining life and sending us towards prosperity. In R. Engelman article “Population and Sustainability: Can We Avoid Limiting the Number of People” Engelman’s key argument was that “slowing the rise in human numbers is essential for the planet--but it doesn't require population control”(Engelman 49). Placing a cap on the population will force consequences as
Humans have impacted the global environment significantly. Human populations have rapidly increased for the past few centuries. Imagine a world where sustenance is rare but people are plenty. Imagine the world where everyone's shoulders are touching one another and there is no room to move. “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift is an extremely sarcastic solution to a problem plaguing Ireland in the 1720s overpopulation.
Poppendieck’s main point in her article is to look at the correlation between abundant production and food waste and compare that with hunger issue. “What makes hunger in America unacceptable, to Boy Scouts and to the rest of us, is the extraordinary abundance produced by American agriculture. There is no shortage of food here, and everybody knows it (Poppendieck 563)”. For most part America have too much food and what makes it not worthy is that we waste food in enormous amount.
Because humanity will run out of resources, there will be economic issues, and there will be serious contamination to the environment. Population control needs to be implemented into countries by governments. The first reason the world needs
If our future generation has less food, people from all over the world will suffer from starvation. They will not only suffer from the lack of food, but also from the disease that pollution causes. Our world will become something so frightening and unsuitable for any living
Moreover, an emphasis was placed on consumption and the rate at which people consume natural and other resources. It was argued that the consumption rate is too high, and that people should live sustainably with less resources and material goods in order to live a better life. Whether or not to preserve the environment was examined with the future population considered. The Malthusian Theory was explained and as was the significance of zero-sum goods. As seen in other chapters, justice, fundamental equality, and nonhuman rights were important topics in this chapter.
The proponents of this theory argued that food scarcity occurs when the availability of food is less than the food necessity of the population. The primary developers of this approach were Adam Smith and Malthus who argued that famines are primarily caused by a sudden decline in food availability. They consider natural drivers as the main causes for food insecurity and analyses their influence on harvest failures and advances in prices. They are supply oriented, in this sense the Food Availability Decline theory differs from climate theory. Food availability decline theory is vulnerable to criticism because it confined on food availability at local levels instead of including assessments on food availability at aggregate or macro levels.