In all areas of healthcare, particularly in acute care settings, patients may be unable to care for their nutritional and/or hygienic needs properly. One area that is especially important to address is the perineal care of patients who are incapacitated, or otherwise unable to care for their hygienic needs independently. Normal bacterial flora can develop into an opportunistic infection if the bacteria reaches certain areas of the body. For example, a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) is due to Escherichia coli from the colon coming into contact with the urethra (Copstead & Banasik, 2013). If the patient is immunocompromised, elderly, sedentary, or otherwise compromised in their abilities to void, this can predispose the patient
Nurses must be trained to combat both of these problems simultaneously. Intermittent catheterization, allowing the patient to be involved in the insertion and removal of a catheter, and educating patients on the use of indwelling catheters can increase human dignity and decrease catheter associated urinary tract infections. Intermittent catheterization is when a catheter is inserted to drain the bladder and is immediately taken out once the bladder is emptied. The use of intermittent catheterization over indwelling catheterization can increase human dignity, especially in home settings, by allowing patients to have more independence in their self-care (Woodward, Steggal, & Tinhunu, 2013). Indwelling catheters contain drainage systems that can be embarrassing and inconvenient for patient’s.
Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
("What Causes Lupus? - National Resource Center on Lupus." 26 Sep. 2017, https://resources.lupus.org/entry/what-causes-lupus.) The process to diagnose Lupus is laboratory test which consist of complete blood count, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, kidney and liver assessment, urinalysis, and anthinuclear antibody test another way to diagnose Lupus is chest x-ray, and echocardiogram another thing to do is a biopsy of kidneys. Treatment of Lupus depends on your signs and symptoms.
In addition, local hospital bear a great responsibility in maintaining the safety of patients from any infectious diseases can be transmitted through contaminated injections. The third stakeholders are healthcare providers, they are responsible for delivering safe injections to the patients this is done through constant attention to sterilization of instruments used to treat patients, which include injections also healthcare providers should make sure to sterilize their hands constantly before and after injection patients. The fourth stakeholders are the patients, they are directly affected by contaminated injections so from patients’ right is obtain a safe injection to protect themselves from infection diseases transmitted through injections. Each ethical dilemmas could have options with positive impact in this situation. The options for
coli) is found in the intestines of healthy people and animals. E-coli for the most part, are harmless, but when people are exposed to some strains of e-coli they can become ill, this is usually caused by from contaminated water, food or person-person contact. Duyff, L, R. (2006) E-coli differ from many other types of bacteria because people have to ingest only a small amount of certain strains to become ill. E-coli poisoning will affect the person typically within three or four days but may affect the person as soon as one day after ingesting the bacteria. Foods associated with e-coli strains are: Beef and beef products such as minced beef: When cattle are slaughtered, E. coli in their intestines can get onto the meat. Unpasteurized milk: Bacteria on a cow's udder or on milking equipment in the parlour can get into the milk.
Clinical care needs highlighted parents’ experiences in relation to medical care, hospital facilities and information. Parents’ experiences of their medical care was described under the first theme, parents were overall satisfied with their medical care and highlighted the need for adequate pain relief and the importance of the follow up appointment. This theme highlighted the importance of being separate from other pregnant women and babies and also the need for improved facilities for both mothers and fathers. Both mothers and fathers explained the need for clear communication from health care professionals and the desire to find out why the miscarriage occurred. The second global theme of relational and social experiences of miscarriage highlighted the parents’ experiences in relation to compassionate care, bonding and connecting with their baby and their experiences of support during their experience of miscarriage.
In the case of pregnancy, prompt treatment of listeriosis in pregnancy is important to prevent the bacteria from infecting the fetus, antibiotics may be administered in the case of non-invasive listeriosis in pregnant women. Listeriosis has the ability to penetrate the endothelial layer of the placenta thus, can affect
Our textbooks imply that “Creating a distraction-free environment is critical for medications.” Further research led to healthcare providers initiating distraction free areas within each department in order to allow nurses to practice safe medication administration. Nurses are highly recommend to use these sections within the hospital as safety zones to avoid drug errors. Within this safety zone there are elements designed to elevate correct drug administration. Such things like, adequate lighting, access to patients profiles, and a quite area to for nurses to dispense medications using the Pyxis
The presence of bacteria and pathogenic organisms is a concern when considering the safety of drinking water. Pathogenic organisms can cause intestinal infections, dysentery, hepatitis, typhoid fever, cholera, and other illnesses. Sources of Bacteria in Drinking Water: The Need for Water Testing Human and animal wastes are a primary source of bacteria in water. These sources of bacterial contamination include runoff from feedlots, pastures, dog runs, and other land areas where animal wastes are deposited. Additional sources include seepage or discharge from septic tanks, sewage treatment facilities, and natural soil/plant bacteria.
Childhood vaccinations are extremely important you also get vaccinations to prevent infection If you are wanting to reduce pain then you can take hydroxyurea reduce a pain crises. Another option is a blood transfusion when you have a blood transfusion the red blood cells from the donor are taken out and then given to someone with sickle cell anemia. There is also a experiment going on with bone marrow
• A sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look at your colon. These procedures involve passing an instrument through your rectum to look at the inside of your colon. TREATMENT Treatment for this condition includes: • Taking antibiotics that keep C. diff from growing. • Stopping the antibiotics you were on before the C. diff infection began. Only do this as instructed by your health care provider.