The diverse ways of perceiving homosexuals created an environment where queer ideas gained prominence. The oppression and relegation of homosexuals to psychological disorder could be ascertained throughout history. As recent as 1998, Christian right ministries placed advertisements to “cure” homosexuals (Kirsch 15). While castigating homosexual identity, societal roles create a homophobic world. It treats homosexuality almost as a sin which is punishable by law.
Preston Sprinkle goes into great detail on this issue in his book “Born this Way.” In defining the subject Sprinkle takes time to remind us that the sin occurs when someone acts out upon their lusts or entertains their lusts in their mind. Having certain feelings doesn’t make one guilty. How we entertain those thoughts does? This is certainly true outside of the homosexual debate. Heterosexuals deal with lust as much as homosexuals.
This is indicative of the violence of definitions of maleness and homosexuality as they are promulgated in a heterosexist discourse of a phallocentric patriarchal society. What this violence does is that it tries to assimilate homosexual and queer practices to normative rationalities such as the adoption of hetero normative models of monogamy by homosexual partners as the model of positive influence of the discourse around AIDS. The rhetoric used for
Sedgwick abounds in her statement saying that “the appropriate place for the critical analysis to begin is from the relatively decentered perspective of modern gay and antihomophobic theory” (Sedgwick 2008, 1). The prospect of Sedgwick, as it is that of Butler, is to deconstruct the models of thought that Western discourse has imposed upon cultures and individuals. Thus, according to the author, the epistemology of the closet is the: [i]dea that thought itself is structured by homosexual/heterosexual definitions, which damages our ability to think. The homo/hetero binary is a trope for knowledge itself. […] 20th century thought and knowledge is structured–indeed, fractured–by a chronic, now endemic crisis of homo/heterosexual definition […] Any analysis or understanding of any aspect of Western culture is incomplete and degraded if it does not incorporate a critical analysis of modern homo/heterosexual definition (Sedgwick 2008,
Homosexuality is a way of being, one that can completely influence a person’s life and shape its meaning and direction” (Grahn). Although in Minton’s search for a universal definition of homosexuality, he concluded that there is a fundamental inconsistency in the way people define homosexuality in gay and lesbian studies. However, he also stated that in the data he was able to collect, “[they] support a persistent identification of homosexuality as an activity. Homosexuality references the sexual activity alone-and not an identity” (Minton 41). In Minton’s study, he sought to obtain the different ways in which people would define the term
The social argument for homosexuality dates back to the ancient Greeks. Aristophanes, investigates homosexuality, as a desire by men to share a long-term fulfilment of the soul (Heffner, 2003). (Heffner, 2003) continued to state that Aristophanes believed that two souls are longing to be together, and the sexual desire alone is not strong enough to create homosexuality, but that the cultural environment allows or forbids the relationship to occur. According to (Heffner, 2003) the current debate is whether or not homosexuality is a result of nature, a person’s environment and surroundings, or of his biology and genetics, the debate tolerates both sides because both sides have the ability to create a scientific environment to support their cause. For example, biological theorists may argue that a monkey and human child, reared in the same setting, will develop with vastly different outcomes, while social theorists may argue that monozygotic twins, one reared normally and the other raised in seclusion for 18 years, will also develop with vastly different results (Heffner, 2003).
“The most substantial of Moby-Dick’s boring parts are the ‘cetology chapters,’ widely acknowledged as the chapters that ‘story lovers love to skip’” (Doyle 2). Moby Dick begins with attention grabbing chapters that lure readers in, such as the relationship between Ishmael and Queequeg and Ahab losing his leg; both of which have plots that are fascinating. Readers do not expect a relationship between two men to be written about in the nineteenth century, and so the audience becomes curious and actually reads to find out what kind of acts they performed in that time between two racially different men and also compare a homosexual relationship today. Then Ahab has this obsession over a large white sperm whale (Moby Dick) and feels the need
Until early 20th century, ‘heterosexuality’ was used to refer to ‘morbid sexual practices’ between men and women such as oral and anal intercourse, as opposed to ‘normal’ procreative sex. The term homosexuality – that is so casually usedtodayand is almost an everyday vocabulary – came into being only in the late 19th century Europe when discussions on the varied expressions of sex and sexuality became acceptable in academic circles. The term was used to describe “morbid sexual passion between members of the same sex.” It was declared ‘unnatural’ by colonial laws, as unnatural as casual sex between men and women that was not aimed at conception. The term homosexuality and the laws prohibiting ‘unnatural’ sex were imposed across the world through imperial might. Though they exerted a powerful influence on subsequent attitudes, they were neither universal nor timeless.
Prescribed question: How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? Text: pilot of the TV Show “Shameless” (US) Part 2: language and mass communication: the potential for educational and ideological influence of a media, the power of a media to deliver a message, to express an opinion. Thesis: The creators of the TV show “Shameless” included homosexual characters in the show not only to make an appeal for tolerance, but also to present a realistic modern society in which differences seems to be accepted by some while others still marginalize certain communities. Introduction: Introducing the TV show “Shameless”: In which context and how did shows like “Shameless” arrived on TV? Look at the way homosexuality is perceived
In Gardiner’s essay, Shakespeare’s sonnets consist of two genre; love and time. The sonnet sequence begins with seventeen sonnets that the poet encourages a young man to have children which moves on to himself falling in love with the young man and having a rival poet seeking after the young man and lastly and then the young man becoming The Dark Lady’s lover. The sonnets have the immortality ability to reverse nature and freeze time as long as people live. Courtship between homosexual is a social taboo and with the union of both male’s minds in the sonnets. It is inevitable that the portrayal of the male and female subjects receives different treatments in the sonnets.