We cannot deny that gender discrimination still underneath hollywood in every aspect and a number of factors are accountable for the gender pay gap in hollywood. From industrial situation, gender discrepancy, patter of payment and social opinion aspect, we can find out why is there gender pay gap in Hollywood. The employment opportunities between men and women are unbalanced.Firstly, the creative team is still predominantly male and more conducive to producing good male-dominated movies. Many types of movies, such as action movies, are
Discrimination is described as a means of bias or prejudice toward an individual or group of people and clearly, within these circumstances men, are favored in the eyes of employers of being worthy for a larger income than women; which is a prime example of discrimination within the workplace. Society and employers are no strangers to this prejudice nature. Many attempt to justify this discriminatory nature because of the biological differences between men and
Hofstede's first dimension, power distance is about how the culture relates to the uneven power distribution. High power distance countries, respect status and their communication with lower levels shows also their superiority, while low distance countries disregard hierarchical levels. Hungary and USA are in between high and low power distance cultures. As we can see from the chart the biggest power distance difference is between France and Austria, which requires a wise communication between the two countries. Austria, with a much lower power distance appreciate if the the employees are also an active team member in problem solving, decision-making process, since status is mostly irrelevant.
Employees could become well-adjusted and productive thus achieve their goals through socialization. Socialization is essential for an individual to access to the opportunities in the company and career development, it is everyone's responsibilities to mix into the organization.
2.4 The Main Influence Factors of COO Effects COO effects can be influenced by many factors. The main factors can be classified to three aspects: country of origin, product, and consumer. 2.4.1 Country of Origin 1) Level of economic and technical development of the COO Martin and Eroglu (1993) find that the political, economic and technological factors of country have an effect on COO-based product evaluations. Consumers have a preference for products form developed countries (e.g. USA, Germany, Japan and so on), whereas products from developing countries such as China, Malaysia and Mexico are less favorable (Wang and Chen, 2004; Ahmed and d’Astous, 2007; Wang and Lamb, 1983, Kalicharan, 2014, Dinnie, 2010).
According Eurostat, in 2014 women 's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.1% below those of men in the European Union. Gender pay gap is becoming more important subject of various discussions. One of the major fighters in this gender based problem are feminists. They claim that an unequal payment is a consequence of man’s dominant position in the society. Scientists are less likely to agree with this concept and their opinion is more upheld by the variety of social and economic factors as well as personal life choices and each of them has a notable effect on different earnings among men and women.
ORIENTATION TRAINING DEFINITION Once employees are selected, they must be prepared to do their jobs, this is when orientation and training is used. Orientation means providing new employees with basic information about the company. Training programs are used to ensure that the new employee has the basic knowledge required to perform the job satisfactorily. Orientation training programs are important components in the processes of developing a committed and flexible high‐potential workforce and socializing new employees. OBJECTIVES OF ORIENTATION TRAINING • Team Membership An orientation program should give new employees a sense of belonging to a team.
In the simplest way, learning is defined as any relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience. Two most important theories of learning is operant conditioning and social learning. The operant conditioning theory states that people learn to behave so that they can achieve the things they want and avoid the things they do not want, so if they can get satisfactory reward for a specific behavior, they are likely to repeat that behavior more frequently. Seen as an extension of operant conditioning, social learning is about individual learn to behave from observations of how people around them behave or from direct experiences. Managers can find many methods to teach the employees how to behave and shape their behaviors in the organization.
It is an automatic pilot, leading employees in ways that are consistent with organizational expectations. Social glue. Organizational culture is the “social glue” that ties everyone together and makes them feel like part of the organizational experience. Employees are driven to internalize the organization’s dominant culture because it fulfils their need for social identify. This is increasingly important as a way to attract new staff and retain organization’s top performers.
All the employees in an enterprise perform various tasks in order to achieve the same goal. Management is a process of getting things done effectively and efficiently to achieve the common goal. Management is essential for all types of organizations, big or small, profit or non-profit, services of manufactures. It is necessary so that individuals make their best contribution towards group objectives. It is supposed to run an enterprise smoothly and effectively and also to reduce wastage and increase efficiency.