Gender Differences In Sociolinguistics

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INTRODUCTION:
In sociolinguistics and other related ranges of the scholarly world, discourse is normally characterized as the relationship in the middle of language and its genuine setting. Numerous scientists and scholars relate language particularly to this area where there is great overlap in the middle of gender and discourse. Ways to deal with gender and language exploration might dissect the ways in which language reflects or impacts gender stereotypes, or that might examine the contrasts between how males and females use language.
The study of gender and discourse not only provides a descriptive account of male/female discourse but also reveals how language functions as a symbolic resource to create and manage personal, social and cultural
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Documenting differences between men`s and women`s speech especially in cross-sex interaction.
2. Describing women`s speech in particular.
3. Identifying the role of language and maintaining social inequality between women and men.
John Gumperz gave his contributions in this field of language and gender as he proposed the difference in cross-cultural communication.
Lakoff 's work Language and Woman 's Place introduces to the field of sociolinguistics many thoughts regarding female’s language that are presently and frequently ordinary. It has motivated a wide range of systems for studying language and gender, crosswise over national fringes and also crosswise over class and race.Lakoff proposes that women 's speech can be distinguished from that of men in a number of ways, including:
 Hedges: Phrases like "sort of", "kind of", "it seems like"
 Empty adjectives: "divine", "adorable",
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Linda john?
 Rising intonations: ok fine I can make an egg for you, but MILK IS BETTER drink at night.
 Use of intensives: “so”, it’s up to you.

Lakoff developed the "Politeness Principle," in which she devised three maxims that are usually followed in interaction. These are:
 Don 't impose,
 Give the receiver options,
 Make the receiver feel good.
She expressed that these are principal in great cooperation. By not holding fast to these maxims, a speaker is said to be “flouting the maxims."

GOFFMAN (1976): explores gender and discourse as an organizing component of social interaction contributed much in the area of gender and language. Goffman examined over 500 advertisements in order to find general patterns in stereotypical gender representation, which he placed into five categories:
 Relative Size: Goffman contends that social circumstance is communicated through the relative size of the persons in the commercials, with men demonstrating their prevalence through their size and stature.

 Feminine Touch: Woman is as often as possible delineated touching persons or articles in a ceremonial way, once in a while scarcely touching the item or
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