Gender And Gender Differences In Men And Women

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Males and females are different in a number of ways. One of the most obvious distinctions concerns biological differences. That is, chromosomes and hormones are fundamentally different in men and women (Trudgill, 2000). It is claimed that hormonal differences have a significant effect on humans both physically and behaviorally (Arliss, 1991). The differences between males and females are not caused only by genetics but also by socialization. It can be said that socialization process has strong connection with language. Tannen (1993) noted that language establishes the basis of communication and helps set out boundaries for social order and cultural fundamentals amongst both genders across society. Tannen (1993), furthermore, described that language has a powerful influence on the process by which children learn to become boys and girls and learn to use language in the ways that conform to culture’s norm of appropriate feminine and masculine behavior. In other words, children are socialized through language-mediated interaction and they are socialized to use language to fit gender norms in their society.
Together with developing social norms, people have developed their linguistic strategies since their early childhood. According to Lakoff (1975), men and women have been taught to speak in different ways since they were young, so they use language differently in a various number of ways. For instance, girls speak in passive voice and boys speak in active voice, which is
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