Anuja Sharma Kanika Dnag Thesis paper 23 October, 2015 Battle for equality Gender discrimination refers to biased treatment, based on gender. Many people misunderstand the concept of gender and often relate it to sex. Gender and sex, though often seen related, are actually not synonymous. According to Lorber (1968) sex is the state of being females and males; meanwhile, gender refers to women and men. Each gender has its own identity and roles which are called as femininity and masculinity.
At the time, the Red Sox trained in Hot Springs, Arkansas. During this time period, Hot Springs was a gambling and golf mecca where baseball players rubbed shoulders with crime lords such as Al Capone, and hustlers like Titanic Thompson. “With broken clubs and lost balls taken into account, golf is a pretty expensive pastime for Babe Ruth,” quipped one news account. But, to his credit, Babe always took his penalty strokes and putted out. In spite of his image as a roly-poly powerhouse, he was a terrific athlete and light on his feet.
Patriarchy is the system engrained within our society that promotes men as the dominate and privileged group (Johnson, 6). While patriarchy is a system, sexism and misogyny are the two tools which enforce and benefit from that system. Sexism is defined as a personal prejudice, which reinforces male privilege in society (16). Though it is felt on a more individual level and effects women in different ways, sexism works on a larger scale to have women seen as the inferior and subordinate group (170). Misogyny, the hatred of all things female, benefits from this in many ways, but has a larger impact on women’s lives in general in the context of history and modern society (63).
Gender role refers to those behaviors and attitudes that are considered to belong to one sex. Gender role is based on femininity and masculinity that differentiate women and men by giving men some roles and women which results to gender inequality. There some work in society that is regarded to belong to women such as cooking, taking care of children and other less important roles while men are given roles that makes them superior than women. Most of the gender roles associated with women makes them inferior and creates a room to be oppressed. Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men.
The Final statement analysed was that "organizations are gendered in that they are symbolically and ideologically described and conceived in terms of a discourse that draws on hegemonically defined masculinities" (Britton,p.420). This statement says that in order to succeed, you must have masculine traits, like assertiveness, independence, competitiveness, and thick-skinned personalities. Bosses do not want to have feminine traits that they might associate as weak, gentleness, and dependent on others for power positions in the
Many of these standards are meant for women. They range from what women wear all the way to their main purpose in society. Not only can they be dangerous, it can be a downfall in society’s advancement. Because women are criticized daily by society’s unrealistic standards and gender bias, women cannot freely express themselves. Women are constantly pressured by the unrealistic beauty standards society has set for them.
Because of such gender differences, misunderstanding between men and women creates a gap in the communication process. Tannen used her genderlect theory to help bridge that gap by acknowledging and achieving an understanding of the language of each gender. Conversation between men and women can be described like cross-cultural communication. This is the basis of Tannen’s You Just Don’t Understand. In an effort to bridge that communication gap between genders, she examined the differences between how and why people communicate.
Feminism defines itself for equality between men and women. Women created feminism because of the unfair treatment women face because of the male dominated patriarchy. Bell Hooks tries to convey her readers in “Feminist Politics: Where We Stand” by stating, “Feminist politics is losing momentum because feminist movement has lost clear
This theory is an embodiment of domestic violence as it establishes the inequality amongst the different genders, by allowing the male to perform his dominance, causing the female to feel inferior to this. Domestic violence is a representation of Judith Butler’s ‘Gender as a Performance’ theory because it embodies the structured power relation amongst genders and how this power influences both individuals involved. The act of domestic violence in heterosexual relationships adversely enforces the identities in which males and females categorize themselves into, based on their gender performance. Domestic violence can be defined as a series of behaviours which are used to assert control over a partner in an intimate relationship (McFeely, Lombard, Burman, Whiting, & McGowan, 2013). Domestic violence is a universally known phenomenon that impacts
Because of how deep and long this problem has run, revising discriminatory laws may not abolish discrimination and legislating laws that endorse gender equality may not necessarily create equality. However, without laws that promote and safeguard the laws of women, they remain vulnerable and lack the governmental support and legal standards necessary for equality. The poor treatment of women can clearly be seen by how women are constantly pitted against each other and it seems like everything is a competition between women. For example, women are constantly being compared with each other to see which one of them is more attractive. This competitive way is how so many of us have been brought up and as such constantly feel like life is a competition where we have to compete with others of the same gender.