Gender And Gender Inequality

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Gender is not only about fairness and equity, it is also about economic empowerment and includes many political, social and cultural dimensions. For decades now many countries around the globe have made substantial progress towards gender equality in fields of education and work. Nonetheless there is still a gender gap, women still earn less than men, are less likely to make it to the top of the job ladder and spend probably more of their final years in poverty. Gender inequality means wasting years of funding girls and young females in education, this implies less essential contribution that woman make to the economy. Making the best out of their talents, whether man or woman ensures that all have an equal chance to be involved at home and in the workplace, thereby strengthen their well-being and that of society. (OECD, 2012, p.13)
When people talk about sex and gender, there is always the question popping up, what exactly is the difference? “Sex refers to biological differences”, whereas “gender describes the characteristics that a society or culture delineates as masculine or feminine”. Meaning that sex as male or female is biological given in any culture and that gender roles, being masculine or feminine refers to the attributes, characteristics and behaviors that various cultures associate with the sexes. (Nobelius, 2004)
On a yearly basis, first introduced in 2006, the World Economic Forum publishes the Global Gender Gap Report, where 144

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