Gender And Poverty In Literature

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Gender and poverty There is more than one meaning of poverty throughout literature, this is because it can be measured in multiple ways. The first definition of poverty is defined as the inability to attain a minimal standard of living which is measured in terms of basic consumption needs or income required to satisfy them (The World Development Report 1990). The Joseph Rowntree Foundations’ definition of poverty is when a person’s resources (mainly material resources) are insufficient to meet their minimum needs (including social participation). Poverty has many aspects besides the material. But if that core is ignored, it becomes impossible to separate poverty from other broader conditions such as lack of wellbeing (Bunnett & Daly, 2014:6). Human poverty refers to the denial of opportunities and choices for living a most basic or “tolerable” human life. It, therefore, takes into account more than the minimum necessities for material well-being and views poverty as multidimensional (Human Development Report,1997). Jackson states that poverty lines are added for understanding change over time however it says little about gendered disadvantage (1998:71) In South Africa individuals are said to be poor if they live in a household where the monthly income is below the poverty line of R322 measured in 2000 prices average per capita (Posel & Rogan, 2009).) The WPSALP (1997:12) states that poverty is a key contributing factor to women’s inability to receiving access to, and

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