Besides, men just have one title “Mr” while women bear “Mrs” for married women and “Miss” for “the young or unmarried women”. Marital status is considered more important for female than for male. Proverbs Sexism can be clearly found in English proverbs. They carry sexual bias against female: women are the source of bad things, trouble, absurdity, talkativeness, weakness and of course prejudice in favor of men: power, wisdom, strength. Women are fastened to negative associations and subordinates while positive connections and authority are for men.
Besides Sidanius and Pratto (1999, as cited by Schneider, 2005) asserted that gender and age could brought power and status hierarchy as well as it is important in highly developed societies. Stereotypes in Gender Studies shows that when it comes to gender stereotyping the traits of men are favorable than the traits of women, furthermore men possesses more good traits than women (Schneider, 2005 as cited from Broverman, et al., 1968). Aside from that gender does not just define gender as its particulars, but they address which gender role should such gender would portray, and stereotypes are affected by these gender related roles (2005). According to Best, William and Briggs (1980, as cited by Schneider, 2005) traits of males such as strong and active where already persisted in culture, nevertheless, these stereotypes varies from culture to culture, still there are commonalities existing in such cultures (Schneider, 2005). Also men are describe to have a stronger physique (Nadikman, 1984) and they are more into sports than women.
This is because women advocate for inclusion while the men advocate for inclusion. In a society where there are many issues affecting the people, justice and inclusivity must count. For example, in a world that is dominate by men, fight for inclusion can also have its space. In the long run, the differences in moral reasoning will help in creating a world that everyone has equal opportunity in terms of freedom and share of resources. It is interesting that, while girls emphasized care on the interpersonal dilemmas more than boys, it was the older girls who obtained the highest mean score on the Kohlberg Heinz dilemma.
According to some psychologists, women are more likely than men prefer to see than to hear, than to listen and have more trust in the visual (non-verbal) information (Carnes, 2015). Unlike men, who in society are trying to demonstrate their masculinity and to achieve high status, women are more concerned about harmony in society and support of others. Being empathetic and sensual to others lay down in women’s nature and, therefore these instincts are manifested in interpersonal communication. It is believed that women more frequently use non-verbal communication because they much easier understand the body language and nonverbal cues. During the conversation women usually tend to have more eye contact, comparing with men (Carnes, 2015).
They tell people how they are supposed to act, look, and even what one’s interests should be. (Amanda R. Hoiness) When people breach the stereotypes and mores associated with biased roles, they are considered to be odd or “other than normal”. Female athletes must balance gender roles. Because of this added pressure, female athletes show a higher amount of role conflict than male athletes. Conflict was also found to be more prevalent for female athletes participating in traditionally masculine sports such as baseball, football, soccer, hockey, and basketball (Amanda R. Hoiness).
Marital Discrimination is also a form of genetic discrimination. Psychologically humans tend to favor people with an affinity to carry traits that are more fit to the human development and reproduction. According to researchers from University College London, it’s because women perceive a deeper voice as a sign of a larger and stronger physicality; something that women are evolutionarily geared to find attractive. In females, the desired feature is wide “childbearing” hips that indicate an elevated level of estrogen. According to the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, a large percentage of men report feeling attracted to women who have a low waist-to-hip ratio.
When it comes to sexual health there are significant gender inequalities, according to Irish Family Planning Association (IFPA) more women contract STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) from men than vice versa, therefore the risk is much higher for woman (IFPA, HIV/AIDS & Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights). Women are also at risk of RTIs (Reproductive Transmitted Infections). Sexuality is a social construct by those dominant in society. The dominant group in most societies is heterosexual men. Women are often seen as passive and submissive when it comes to sex.
Patriarchy has resulted in a view that men are superior in nature in society. Social structures whose areas of leadership are male-dominant are highly compensated than those of female. How feminism is defined acts as a hindrance to the upward mobility of the female gender in the society. Difficulties the women in the west faced. In the Early History of the US, women were handled like property.
Social views of the female gender -although enlightened- still vary significantly across societies and cultures. These differences can be most clearly seen in surveys that report attitudes about gender roles. For example, the proportion of respondents in the World Values Survey that ‘‘agree’’ with the statement that ‘‘when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women’ ’varies widely across countries, ranging from 3.6% (in Iceland) to 99.6% (in
Prior to the feminist movement, inequality among genders was apparent and concurring. Men were superior while women were greatly discriminated. Moreover, prejudicial beliefs also applied. The Feminist Mystique, a book written by Betty Friedan attacked this sexist outlook. Men were