Attention is brought to the fact that the natural given body can 'put on ' different genders as it is socially constructed. However, it is regularly assumed that the sexed body must generate a certain gender identity that is the performance of gender is assigned to reflect the biological sex and is restricted by it. It seems then that if the ‘inner truth ' of gender is fabricated and gender is only inscribed on the surface of bodies that it can only be produced as the effects of a stable identity. Butler places some focus on how persons 'act ' in ways that draw attention to the construction of heterosexual identities that presents individuals as essential ' and natural '. She goes on to suggest that gender is a form of parody and some genders are more parodic than others; in highlighting the disjunction between the body of the performer and gender being performed she reveals the imitative structure of all gender.Forced heterosexuality is an important concept in Butler’s work where the ‘natural division of men and women is based on the regulation of sexuality within the boundaries of heterosexuality.
Sex is different from gender as it refers the biological and physical difference i.e. maleness and femaleness. Relationship between language and Gender Language and Gender are interrelated with each other because men and women use different interactional patterns. The distant male and female interaction styles has achieved worldwide acceptance, to the extent that they entered popular ‘common sense’. Many linguists worked on the relationship between language and Gender and proposed different theories but some prominent theories are as following:- 1:- Deficit
Gender identity has been defined in several ways, including comfort with one’s gender, self-perception of adherence to gender stereotypes, and internalized social pressure for conforming to gender stereotypes. According to the Journal and Reseach on Gender and Adolescent Development, there are several problems with this practice. First, it involves inferring gender identity from self-perceived gender typing, and one cannot test such theories without distinguishing the two constructs conceptually and empirically. Second, because the degree to which a person is male typical (or female typical) in one domain is not highly correlated with how male typical the person in other domain. (Egan and Perry,
The second model of gender, which I call “categorical theory”, treats women and men as pre-formed categories. This approach often appeals, explicitly or implicitly, to the biological difference of the sexes as the explanation of social behaviour. The focus is on some relation between the categories, which is external to their constitution as categories. This is, for instance, the logical structure underlying most discussion of equal employment opportunity. It is also found in much of the discussion of sexual harassment and gender violence.
Gender is the socio-cultural definition of man and woman with roles and behaviour assigned to them by society. Gender is variable; it changes from time to time from culture to culture and from family to family. Sex defines a person as male or female but it is gender, which makes them masculine or
A gender system incorporates “processes that define males and females as different in socially significant ways and justify inequality on the basis of that difference.” This gender system lays down the guidelines about what behaviour a particular society expects of males and females. This way, the gender system of a society enforces the gender roles for both males and females, in a culture.
This is to say that these social constructs, while affiliated with particular genders, can be utilized by speakers as they see fit. Language and Gender The language of men and women often, there are obvious differences between the language typically used by women and those used by men. The different words used by men and women are obviously a part of their culture and of a biological difference between them. Moreover ,there is no determine explanation whether we are talking about the differences biologically or culturally. In past years, many people have expressed various opinions on the terms "sex" and "gender", although in ordinary usage these terms overlap.
In "Sex and Temperament," Margaret Mead explores this concept. Men and women are predisposed to societal factors that influence their personality. This can be seen through their behavior and cognitive differences. Gender inequality, is a factor that helps shape personality with the guidance of society. Gender inequality deals with the treatment of individuals based on their gender, usually favoring male or females.
According to the research findings, these two factors interrelate with each other in a series of ways. For example, women are culturally and biologically considered as weak beings. As weak being, they need to be protected. Men and women are equal though different people, and each of them has unique role in the society. Another is about gender and sex.
The question about whether or not an individual’s identity is innate or acquired, has always been a debatable issue. Some people argue that gender identity is a result of the social context they live in, while others believe a person is born into it. Gender identity is a “person 's subjective sense of themselves as masculine or feminine and is exhibited by the degree to which they act upon their gender roles” (Whalen & Maurer-Starks, 2008). However, based on the current society people live in, it is more likely that an individual’s identity, such as their sexuality, education, and social status are acquired as a result of the social context they live in. Some argue that nurture affects an individual’s sexuality, or sexual preference, while others believe it is nature.