Gender And Sociological Perspective On Gender Identity

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Gender is a socially constructed definition of what women and men are. It is different to the term ‘sex’. Sex refers to the biological characteristics of a woman and a man. What is masculine and feminine, for males and females, can vary depending on their cultural background. This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender. Moreover, gender identity is a persons sense of self-identification as a female, male, both, neither or somewhere in between. On the other hand, sexuality influences gender but it focuses on a persons sexual orientation/preferences and their capacity for sexual feelings. How a person identifies their gender may be very arguable in many scientific fields, including psychology. This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture). Feminists note the ways in which a woman is different from a man; they stress the biological and cultural differences between genders. They also often reverse the dominant patriarchal values of a man by showing preferences to women’s qualities and their competencies over a man’s. Furthermore, a person’s gender identity is their own personal account of their gender. It is the degree to which a person identifies as a male, female, or any other

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