CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction According to Bloom, (2008) gender violence includes sexual assault rape; relationship violence in the man and woman and same sex partnerships, harassment of sexual nature, stalking, prostitution and sex trafficking. Gender violence brings out the idea that at times violence serves to maintain structural gender inequalities which includes any violence against men, women, children and all of different sexual orientation. Gender relations greatly influence this type of violence. In order to address this issue, we have to address cultural matters that encourage violence as part of masculinity (Bloom 2008). Gender based violence is predominantly a male-patterned violence: a prevalent violence committed most often but not always by men and it is often motivated by aggression, revenge, competition, and entitlement.
However, the most common ones that we need to know are: • Anger related – A crime of passion or anger can lead to a lot of things in your life. A common example would be a sexual assault due to a personal grudge on the woman. This is done to defile and degrade the victim as an ultimatum. • Power assertive – A person with underlying feelings of inadequacy feeds their issues with respect to mastery, control, dominance, strength, intimidation, authority and capability only to show their competency. This becomes repetitive and compulsive which leads to a lot of rapes in a short span of time.
It also should be noted that this type of violence can affect anyone regardless of economic status, religion, culture, and sexuality (Gender-based Violence: Introduction, 2017). For instance, gender-based violence can occur within an abusive relationship. Domestic violence is used to control the other partner within the relationship. One partner can exert power by imposing fear by threatening to hurt the other partner or possible children, continuous insults, acts possessive towards the partner, as well as sexual pressures. We see that there is a power inequality that is being experienced within abusive relationships.
Lastly, they express their masculinity and show their manipulation and regulation off by violence. At last, feminist views domestic violence as a physical or nonphysical means of controlling women, as well as a social matter that related to gender and power, which allocated social roles and positions. Thus, the power of men greater than women’s. As looking the domestic violence in Hong Kong, the social roles and
Family Violence Elio Ishak Notre Dame University, louaize OUTLINE Thesis statement: family violence is a very important social problem because it has a large negative affect on the victims. Thought that family violence can be caused by either male or female, but it’s usually caused by the male due to the large physical advantage. In the following we will discuss the history of domestic violence, the different types of family violence, and ways to prevent it. I. History of domestic violence: a.
In fact, many people think that violence against women is existed due to many factors. First, some men have inferior complex and they think that violence against women is justified for them in order to control women. Those men misuse women and hence they treat them badly. Second,
The Office of Violence against Women (2007) defines domestic violence as a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner. It can happen to anyone regardless of race, age, religion, or gender. It can also take many forms, such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, economic and psychological abuse. The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993) states that violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women, which have led to domination over and discrimination against women by men and to the prevention of the full advancement of women and that violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a
Here the coercive aspects, threats for harm and the discriminating and oppressive aspects are included. Thus, the social violence means illegal use of force or threats for use of such force by the patriarchal social order and their agents against women folks in general for perpetuating the goals of that group for subjugating women physically, socially and psychologically (Misra, 2007). Violence against women is global and widespread and is tolerated as a social phenomenon, in institution and custom and,
It includes not only sexual assault and rape, but also harassment, such as forcing a partner to have sex with other people, pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no, hurting partner physically during sex and coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control. (Waithayawongkorn et al., 2009) The effects of domestic violence against womenby intimate partners are the both of physically and emotionally from multiple traumas. These traumas can have various effects on the mind, body and spirit. It is natural to experience these, and acknowledging the effects can be an important first step in embarking on a process towards restoration and healing. Living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to women.
The special significance of this Biological Model is the difference in sex hormone levels and biological functioning between the genders. Testosterone itself is not only associated to extreme sex motivations but has also been linked to violent conduct and loss of both impulse control and good judgement, or a loss of a combination of these The other studies by Dabbs, Carr, Frady, & Riad, 1995; Dabbs, Frady, Carr, & Besch, 1987; Dabbs, Jurkovic, & Frady, 1991, have also proved the connection between levels of testosterone, feelings for violent and immoral behaviour. For example, the research has proved that the male sexual harasser have higher levels of testosterone in their bodies than men with no convictions of the general population (Baxter, Barbaree, & Marshall,