Gender-Based Violence Against Women

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is the general term used to capture violence that occurs as a result of the normative role prospects linked with each gender, along with the unequal power relationships between the two genders, within the context of a specific society (Bloom 2008, p14).While women, girls, men and boys can be victims of GBV, the main focus is on violence against women and girls. This is not to say that gender-based violence against men does not exist. For instance, men can become targets of physical or verbal attacks for disobeying major concepts of masculinity, for example because they have sex with men. Men can also become victims of violence in the family – by partners or children. (Bloom 2008, p14)However, it has
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19. It defines VAW as: “Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.” (Article 1) The declaration encompasses all forms of gender-based violence against women (physical, sexual and psychological), no matter in which context or setting they…show more content…
The pattern consists of a variety of abusive acts, occurring in multiple episodes over the course of the relationship. Some episodes consist of a sustained attack with one approach repeated many times for example punching, combined with a variety of other strategies such as name calling, threats, or attacks against property. Other episodes consist of a single act, a slap. One tactic for example physical assault may be used infrequently, while other types of abuse such as name calling or intimidating gestures may be used daily. Some parts of the pattern are crimes in most countries (e.g., physical assault, sexual assault, menacing, arson, kidnapping, harassment) while other battering acts are not illegal (e.g., name calling, interrogating children, denying the survivor access to the family automobile). All parts of the pattern interact with each other and can have profound physical and emotional effects on survivors. Survivors respond to the entire pattern of perpetrators’ abuse rather than simply to one episode or one

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