Gender Based Violence

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Gender-based violence (GBV) has been a major public health and a human rights concern across the globe. In most developing countries gender based violence is a manifestation of discrimination and low status given to some populations such as women and youth. This study was conducted in Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) among second years with the aim of establishing the risk factors that perpetuate Gender Based Violence among them and gathering factual evidence as a tool for raising awareness of the problem in an attempt to end the menace. The study was based on gender development theory and the ecological theory. The research design adopted was cross sectional explorative survey with both qualitative and quantitative…show more content…
Gender-based violence also seen as violence involving men and women, in which the female is usually the victim; and which is derived from unequal power relationships between men and women. The convention on elimination of all discrimination against women define Gender Based Violence as any type of abuse that is perpetrated against a woman by the fact that she is a woman. The convention also notes that it is manifested in various forms such as physical, sexual, and psychological harm [2].Violence against women is a major problem that negatively affects the reproductive health of women and girls. “Each year as many as 40 million children under 15 years old experience some form of violence. Many of them are girls, and many live in Africa”…show more content…
Among the other predictors of gender-based violence is apathy by the teachers and as well as the girls’ dressing in schools [12]. Beyond schools, in universities, most of the crimes are very unlikely to be reported as crime especially when the rape is between intimate partners and does not involve weapon and physical injury [9]. In most of the cases, instances of Gender Based Violence are not reported by the students in universities. Most of these are cases of rape by intimate partners and thus it only ends up being a rumour among a few. Some of the reasons for not reporting campus based violence include the fact that victims initially do not recognize assault as a crime and in other cases victim girls do not want public disclosure
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