Friedan shocked the world by contradicting the role of what a housewife is supposed to do. She also called females to seek fulfillment of taking a job outside of the house. Friedan’s had such an impact on women that its credited for being the start of the “second wave” of the American feminist movement. Now women would take a stand for their equality right in America. The movement in the 1960s and 1970s was mainly focused on diminishing workplace inequality, such as wages and better jobs.
1. The Feminine Mystique In 1963, Betty Friedan, who was a housewife and journalist that graduated from Smith College, spoke and had interviews with other housewives. These housewives revealed that although they seemed to be having a good life (materialistically), they were very unhappy. Each of these women thought that they were dealing with this unhappiness alone. Friedan called this inchoate unhappiness.
The author Dorothy W. Hartman provide research of study done on the role of women in both urban middle class and of immigrant women. Hartman illustrate that both type women were tied to household duties and taking care of children. Hartman acknowledge that in the mid 1800’s, that “Cult of Domesticity” arose in society believed and stated that women’s role is simply to mothers and a wives. Women had little contact with others and little relief from everyday tasks other than household responsibilities. Under the subtitle labeled Keeping the Home, the author refers to an article written by Catherine Beecher that states “ a really good housekeeper is almost unhappy… she nearly ruins her own health and life” (The Household, January 1884).
In her essay, “The Importance of Work,” from The Feminine Mystique published in 1963, Betty Friedan confronts American women’s search for identity. Throughout the novel, Betty Friedan breaks new ground, concocting the idea that women can discover personal fulfillment by straying away from their original roles. Friedan ponders on the idea that The Feminine Mystique is the cause for a vast majority of women during that time period to feel confined by their occupations around the house; therefore, restricting them from discovering who they are as women. Friedan’s novel is well known for creating a different kind of feminism and rousing various women across the nation. In 1942, Friedan graduated from Smith College with a bachelor’s degree in psychology and took off to New York City to fulfill her dream of becoming a reporter.
Realizing Your Full Potential The Feminine Mystique, written by Betty Friedan, ignited a wave of feminism over the United States. The non-fiction novel opened the eyes of many women to continue their dreams instead of settling down to become a housewife. I would recommend The Feminine Mystique to people who struggle with trying to accomplish their dreams. The novel impacts an individual to realize what they are capable of becoming.
Baking cookies is a very simple tradition in American culture, which was once only done by married women for their hard at work husbands. From the 1950s on, however, women in America and on American TV shows have undergone a remarkable transformation. As portrayed on popular TV shows like I Love Lucy and The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show housewives wanted to have more independence, but their husbands refused to give up any decision making power in the household (Mittell 334). After the 1960s the country began a cultural upheaval, as the feminist movement gave rise to such shows as Maude and The Mary Tyler Moore Show that showed strong women being the leader in workplace or domestic settings. When the dust had settled, for the most part,
Friedan was an author, an activist, and the first president of the National Organization for Women. The National Organization for Women aimed to promote women 's ideas, eliminate discrimination, and protect the equal rights of women in all aspects of life. Friedan ignited the second wave of American feminism by writing The Feminine Mystique. Friedan 's audience would most likely be women who want their rights and are annoyed with the housewife role. In her article, "The Importance of Work," Friedan uses several means of persuasion and different types of rhetorical strategies to describe the change in human identity.
Hinshaw uses America’s Next Top Model as an example of females conforming to society’s image of femininity by perfecting their bodies to the standards set by society and sacrificing individual identity. Hinshaw writes “girls agonize over their decisions: they see their hair, their gap toothed smile, as aspects of who they are, their own sort of signature.” In his example, Hinshaw reveals the female contestants sacrificing their individuality to become what society determines to be feminine, in hopes of becoming a top model. In comparison to Hinshaw, Graff uses examples of people who have been harmed by society because these people were found to be transgendered or intersex individuals. When describing one particular example, Graff writes “In August 1995 Tyra Hunter’s car crashed in Washington, DC. When firefighting paramedics cut away her dress and found male genitals, they laughed and mocked her.
However, in the poem “Barbie Doll” it was more likely to occur within a girl gender. Women “theoretically” should be attractive and stay that way, according to the stereotype showed in the poem “Barbie Doll”. This poem explains to the reader the dangers that exist in the society of forcing people, especially women into restrictive roles and ideals. The poet Marge Piercy uses simile, imagery, and symbol to develop the theme of how society remains disapproving people who do not represent the ideal image. The use of simile in the poem distinctly explains the feedback of the "girl-child" to the constant assault of opposing orders and intentions.
Women can be astronauts, doctors, leaders, business people...anything that they set their mind to. Instead in our real culture, we are teaching girls that to be accepted in this society, you have to be unintelligent and sexy. If we instead advertised more positive messages to young girls, I think that our society could benefit by a new generation of empowered females who don’t feel that it is necessary to be sexual. Sexy Inc really opened my eyes to massive amount of advertising that our society has become numb to. We should focus on family as a social structure and teach parents that these outside influences, like the media, celebrities and overly sexual dolls, are affecting young girls and causing them to think that being sexual at such a young age is appropriate.
June Cleaver, Donna Reed, and Harriet Nelson were all television show mothers who acted the part of the idealistic housewife of this time period. The media popularized the “ideal women”, thus restricting women’s ability to oppose the domestic, caregiving model. The “ideal women” gave a clear picture as to how women should emulate their proposed role in society, which still lingers with us today. (Holt). The media would not passively but actively release pictures of smiling woman with arms full of cooked food, or women cleaning looking happy and content doing just that.