CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Definition of Gender Discrimination: Gender discrimination, including sexual harassment, is defined as conduct directed at a specific individual or group of identifiable individuals that subjects the individual or group to treatment that adversely affects their education or employment based upon gender. Gender discrimination is discrimination against a person or group on the grounds of gender identity. There are many definitions of the word discrimination” but the most common one is “unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice”.. In today’s world there are quite a few differences between the genders. The always be trend and fashion.
Mikaella Spyrides Persuasive Essay Mrs. Gutierrez 3/6/18 Changing Common Gender Stereotypes for Women’s Rights In the United States, just like in many other places, gender relationships are changing and the inequalities between men and women are going from being outright to being mental. Gender inequalities happen at work, at home, and in public affairs. But the cold, hard facts show that gender separations and inequalities continue, even during the movements and parades that have attempted to challenge and change women’s rights. Why is the world like this? Why are gender inequalities so hard to overcome?
IV. Literature Review and Research Gap There are a great number of literatures, both in empirical and theoretical terms, existing around the topic of gender inequality in non-traditional professions as well as gender development and empowerment in the workplace in general. This is arguably, because sex segregation in the workplace is a broad global issue, the levels and results of which are differentiated on the unique experiences from different countries and type of economies. Hence, studies regarding this have so far produced mixed outcomes that are difficult to generalize. According to Elson and Evers in 1996, there are three dimensions of inequality “Macro, Meso and Micro” (Fontana, 2003, p.1).
Even in the most developed countries, gender bias is a huge problem. Gender bias is the belief or attitude that one sex is of higher power than the other. When the topic of gender bias comes up, it’s usually within the context of women being the victims and that is going to be my main focus in this essay. Gender bias has a lot of implications on society which greatly affects the world as a whole and this is related to language because, language is the most common form of communication and it is a very powerful tool, which more often than not, is misused and misunderstood. The different media forms, as well as different media in countries, has an effect on our perception of gender.
These behaviours are passed on from generation to generation and shape the gender norms in the society which are often more disadvantageous towards females. In the past, women were not entitled to the rights and privileges men had and it was commonly believed that a woman's place was at home dealing with domestic affairs. Day by day, we see gender gaps decreasing and more people pushing for a gender balanced community. Today, even as statistics show that women are deemed to be weak, inferior and in most parts of the world less worth than men, women have all the legal rights men have and maybe even more. Growing up, I have never felt oppressed or denied anything just because I was female.
8.3 Major key determinant of inequality existed all around the world Sustainable development and empowerment of women can be ensured through education and patriarchal psychology, which is the barrier in the way of enhancing their economic, social and political status. Some factors such as traditional caste based attitude, gender insensitivity, illiteracy, lack of training of the marginalized women at the grassroots and the prevailing patriarchal tendency and gender segregation etc. have contributed towards the course of marginalization of women who belong to the deprived sections of the society. There are various most important key determinants of inequality existed in the society between man and woman, thereby women are still lacking and far behind from man in each field especially in the political arena. These issues and challenges depict in the chart mentioned below.
Stainback (2011) mention some predications which could cause sex discrimination in workplace and could be represented by spreading sense of competition and threat between employees such as minority group is visible to be targeted for abuse and hostility from majority group and majority do these hostilities against minorities to protect their interests and advantages. Having the same sex manger or director in the workplace make the same sex employees have some sort of power especially if the manger gives promotions and authority to the same sex, this creates atmosphere of sex discrimination in workplace. Moreover if the workplace is not support their employees on their qualifications and hard work, they would feel discriminated that would differ if the workplace is large company where the damage is minor or could be more pronounced in small workplace. Stainback also mentioned that if the employee have relative in the workplace who have more experience and power could make other employee subjected to sex discrimination especially if the relative is a woman with great power can be seen as a threat to male employee as some studies proved that women with great authority and education tend to do discrimination in the
The gender wage gap as stablish above is discrimination against women. In more recent studies labor statistics have found racial wage gap, which affects non-white women the most as well non-white men. Meaning, that even though there is a gender wage disparity in the labor market, there is also racial wage gap discrimination against non-white women and non-white men. Unfortunately, there is much racial discrimination today in society and in the workplace against certain racial groups. For example, “American employers tend to prefer white workers over black ones” (Djamba, and Kimuna).
Chimamanda Adichie once said, “My own definition of a feminist is a man or a woman who says, ‘yes, there’s a problem with gender as it is today and we must fix it, we must do better. All of us, men and woman, must do better,” but how do people “do” better? Gender Inequality is such a big problem that people do not even think much about it and how it's affecting their lives. Gender Inequality is the unfairness and judging between the sexes of male and female. Such as, according to Kirsten Drysdale and Zoe Norton Lodge, gendered marketing is in all large-scale stores.
There are a number of inequalities in our country. The most important of these is the gender bias and gender inequality. The subject of Women empowerment has blast out as a burning issue all over the world. The topic of empowerment of women arise from the cruel discrimination between men and women. And this discrimination is not because of biological difference between a boy and a girl.