Gender Disparity In Health Care

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ABSTRACT

Background:
In 2005, WHO Member States adopted a resolution to encourage all countries for achieving and/or maintaining universal health coverage without the risk of severe financial consequences. Access to health care is one of the major components of universal health care. Access is complex and multidimensional concept. Gender influence on access and use of health care is one of the key determinants to achieve universal health coverage in India. Men and women both have their health problems. However, it is important to determine whether they get opportunity to solve those health problems. This research aims at studying the gender disparity in accessing healthcare in India.

Methods:
For Literature review analysis, Pub Med, Med Ind, Medline, Embassy, Global health, Social Policy and Research and subsequently Google Scholar were used to identify review articles for gender disparity. A total of 36 articles were included from the above databases alongside separate searches on Google after applying filtration of inclusion criteria. Reanalysed secondary data from NFHS-3 survey is used to identify the reasons for gender disparity. Both the literature review and secondary data were utilised to achieve the aim of this research paper.

Results:
Socioeconomic status,
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However, after detailed analysis of children for whom treatment was sought showed a significantly higher proportion of girls (18.8%), compared to 6.7% for boys who were taken for treatment to a paramedical worker (auxiliary nurse-midwife or multipurpose health worker). On the other hand, a significantly higher proportion of boys (88.9%), compared to 76.5% for girls were treated by a registered private practitioner. This difference persisted even after adjusting for severity of the illness. Families spent more money on the treatment of their sons than

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