Nonetheless, fairness in health is cumbersome to measure due to its varied understanding across the cultural contexts (Starfield 2006). For that reason, the International Society for Equity in Health elaborated the definition by Whitehead with the purpose of researching and analyzing the health inequity and informing policy decisions as “Equity in health is the absence of systematic and potentially remediable differences in one or more aspects of health across socially, demographically, or geographically defined populations or population subgroups” (Starfield 2006). Table 1. Some definitions of equity in health Definitions Sources 1 “Equity means that people’s needs, rather than their social privileges, guide the distribution of opportunities for well-being. In virtually every society in the world, social privilege is reflected by differences in socioeconomic status, gender, geographical location, racial/ethnic/religious differences and age.
A correlation analysis showed close linkages among the three concepts indicating a potential impact of GI and the two dependable variables; JS & JM. Path analysis has supported both the hypotheses. The first result of the study concluded a definitive impact of gender inequality on the job dissatisfaction levels of female employees. These results of the survey from Indian perspective converge with the findings of Channar (2011) who conducted their study on the public and private sector of Pakistan. However, the results of this study also suggest that JS and JM are dependent on job characteristics and its non-fulfillment cause deterioration in JS (Miner-Rubino & Cortina, 2006) as well as JM (Islam & Ismail, 2008)
Single gender education is the method of teaching male and female students in different schools and ways, and it was a common practice before the twentieth century, particularly in secondary education and higher education. Many studies have revealed that men have an eleven-year lag behind women when it comes to maturing (Olson, 2013), thereby the method of instructing both genders should be different. Indeed, many surveys have shown that ladies in single sex state schools get better GCSE results that those in mixed schools. Finally, although separate education has its limitations, the adapted learning processes for each gender, the way it helps to solve the specific problems of each sex and its successes in results show it is the most effective practice in the teaching area. Firstly, I would like to start explaining the argument about the adapted learning processes for each gender.
You may want to look at Web sites for government agencies that enforce anti-discrimination laws, such as the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the British Government Equalities Office, and the Australian Human Rights Commission. Professor Linda M. Woolf, PhD has put together a helpful Website on ageism here. Lastly, the BBC provides an overview of age discrimination in Britain and globally here. Prepare a 1,500 word (double-spaced) essay. The paper should be 12-point font, Times New Roman, and include a final source list.
Abstract This seminar paper deals with language and gender, more precisely; it deals with gender differences in language use. It also reviews a range of studies by linguists, psychologist, anthropologist and feminists that have been conducted over the past 30 years covering that topic. The reader will be introduced to terms such as gender, language and identity, “dominance” and “difference” approach, the term “cultural broker”, institutional coerciveness… What will also be mentioned is whether the gender affects the way people engage in conversation and how they use language in communication. All in all, this paper should revive that language is one of the things that constitutes person’s identity and as such subjected to many linguistics
Whatever in urban countries or rural countries, health inequality is a common issue. However,health inequality is only an individual problem, not just related a person 's own body health and economic status. Health inequality is mostly affected by social factors, such as gender and work class. the writer would pick up the gender as an example to explain health inequality, and look through the medical technology and government policy, to find out the pattern of health inequality have or have not change over the years. The factors of gender health inequality Firstly, the reason why gender becomes a factor to health inequality is the gender stereotypes.
Phenomenon of interest The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) outlines that the LGBT population experiences below healthcare access and quality. According to HHS (2012) report, there are many reforms that would improve the Health and well-being of LGBT communities. This study focuses on ensuring that all healthcare providers have the ability to deliver quality cultural competence healthcare services to the LGBT population. According to HHS report (2012), healthcare institutions are recommended to conduct cultural competency training to the all prospective and practicing nursing. Lack of cultural competence physicians can create a barrier to the quality of healthcare towards the LGBT population especially the transgender.
Needless to emphasize, demographic variables factor in as critical determinates of healthcare service not only within one specific population but also across populations. In U.S., healthcare is a complex issue which is no longer defined by lack of specific illnesses or diseases but, more significantly, based on a state of holistic wellness achieved by catering for a broad range of variables including, most notably, high quality education, nutritious food, decent and safe housing, culturally sensitive healthcare providers, health insurance and, not least, clean water and non-polluted air ("Disparities," n.d.). The access to mentioned variables pre-requires, of course, access to broader opportunities from which ethnic minorities, GLBT communities, physically challenged and economically disadvantaged people are historically denied. Moreover, healthcare providers are shown to exhibit bias, prejudice or stereotyping behaviors in administering care for ethnically different patients, a variable which impacts on quality of provided services (Institute of Medicine, 2002). The disparity in healthcare access is brought into sharper focus by statistics showing impact of having (or not) a medical insurance on overall healthcare service quality.
4.1) HEALTH PROBLEMS: 4.1.1) Heart Diseases The cause of the heart diseases can came from many factors. Sometimes the danger factor is family history. Those with parents or close relatives with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves. Based in experiment of scientist, women do have a lowest risk of heart attack than 5 from 6 Men, and they have attacks earlier in life. Even after menopause, the rate of men’s death from heart disease is the highest than women’s even it increase every year.
Sometimes, however, these elements get ignored when in reality these are key factors that can help towards improving the overall health system. Factors such as those linked to genetic and biological differences. Social variables are identified as a source of health inequalities grouped into three categories; namely, social, structural, behavioural and psychological factors (Denton, Prus & Walters, 2003). Beyond that, its documented a relationship between health, inequalities and socio-economic inequalities income, education, occupational status and employment status. The vulnerability hypothesis proposed that women’s health differs from men’s because they also react in different ways to factors that determine health (Denton, Prus, & Walters, 2003).