Maybe the author might not intend to, but the readers engulfed with the male-centered mindset might omit the position of women. It is worth demystifying the thought that women should only be visible to men. They have a fundamental role to play in the pieces of literature that we interact with and the society as a whole. Just as pointed out in this study, the society cannot succeed without the input of women, even if they are not seen in the forefront. Even though it would appear that Hildeburh did not succeed in the role she was intended to perform, the way she manages herself in the whole process is of great significance.
Throughout history, people have portrayed men and women differently often requiring of the former masculinity and of the latter femininity. Society often tries to assign specific traits for men and specific traits for women. The value of a women is different than a man’s value. This leaves society with the question, “What does it mean for a man to be masculine and a woman to be feminine?” Are these phrases established to help us identify genders? In society, it is intimated that men have to possess the masculinity gender and women have to possess the femininity gender.
It exists a tendency on men that they use for their own benefits. That strategy is the interruption, a way of talking first when other is talking at the same time. In conversations between males and females, men interrupt women and women allow it (Henley and Thorne 16). This proves the strength of dominance in men and for this reason , women are seen as “powerless victims” and men as excluding and dominating women (Thomas and Wareing 79). The same structure made before with women is also used to analyze men’s speech, following the four different aspects: form, topic, content and use of language.
Besides, Tannen moves from the initial premise that boys and girls grow up in two distinct cultures, which is a disputed fact, to the questionable claim that problems with communication between adult males and females are equivalent to other types of cross-cultural miscommunication. With this view, her final conclusion that the issue of miscommunication between men and women emerges from our lack of familiarity with gender specific styles of communication is founded on biased, fictional
Westernization and modernization happened rapidly and Japanese wanted to hold on to their culture and identity, because of this nihonjinron was created and also speaking in gendered language become more important as it meant being unique from western culture. The use of gender language in japan has placed men and women in a certain way by controlling, dominating, or patronizing each other by the use of the language. According to Murasaki Shikibu, during time periods men thought of women differently. For instance, during the Heian period “Women should maintain feminine speech and not interfere with men’s affairs.” Then during the Genroku period “Women using male speech are disgusting and should learn to speak tenderly”. During the Edo Period (Mid-Edo period) “women-servants of samurai families used court-ladies” language (Latter half of Edo period) “Court ladies language became standard female language” lastly, Meiji period, Westernization and modernization.
Introduction Modern society tends to stereotypical thinking and perception of gender differences. It is extremely important to pay attention to stereotypes, not to give in to the impact on the perception and livelihoods. Some of the most common stereotypes is the idea of typical female and typically male qualities. The presence of different social roles, which are perceived as the fundamental differences between men and women in their psyche and activities, forms gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are formed within a particular culture.
Females are often viewed as being expressive of their emotions as opposed to men (Karaffa, 2012; Sanchez, Bocklandt & Vilain, 2013). This belief has been supported by numerous gender studies. According to Nina Vaswani (2011), gender role are behaviours and attitudes that men and women acquire from culture in which they influence how men and women should act. Gender role theorist, posit that male gender socialization affects men’s willingness and/or ability to seek help for problem. Four main components of gender role conflict have been identified by research (Mansfield et al, 2005 as cited by Vaswani, 2011) that describes the barrier to help seeking.
The styles that men and women use to communicate have been described as “debate vs. relate” , “report vs. rapport”, or competitive vs. co-operative”. Men often seek straightforward solutions to problems and useful advice whereas women tend to try and establish intimacy
Studies reveal that there are different perspectives to gender discrimination. In general there are five different perspectives namely: 1. The gender centre perspective: Gender centre perspective normally hints the gender – the male and female. Normally it is notice that male genders perceive themselves as possessing masculine characteristics like aggressiveness, smarter, strong, self-confidence, competitive, independent and the female characteristic is perceived as silent, caring, warm, kind, gentle, emotion, etc. Understanding this basic nature of the gender creates a difference amongst the gender and to add to women’s biological and sociological pattern has promoted them to be less successful than men.
Since many decades ago, sociological experts have tried to understand the differences between male and female conversation styles. Although different experts have different opinions about gender communication styles, there is one aspect that they all agree upon, which is that men and women have very different purpose and goals in any kind of conversation (Broadbridge, 2003). According to Deborah Tannen in her book “You Just Don’t Understand : Women and Men in Conversation ”. The differences in communication between man and women is so different that it is compared to a cross-cultural dialogue where women hear and speak a language of intimacy and connection, while men speak and hear a language of status, dominance and power (Tannen, 2010). Furthermore, academic research has argued that the different methods of communication between genders shows the different priorities between the male and female gender during conversation.