Gender Dominance In Language

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It is undoubted that men differentia women in speech, therefore, studies about language and gender that related to dominance in the use of language in English in mixed conversation are a controversial issue in sociolinguistics. “Dominance theory” and “different theory” are two methods that provide more explanations to the differential use of language of male and female. “Dominance theory” discusses about power and social status of male and female to get communication goals in which male dominate than female in mixed conversation. The dominance in language refers to the use of powerful/ powerless language that related to unequal social positions. According to Uchida (1992), “different theory” refers to male and female in the same group will…show more content…
In term of the studies about different interaction between men and women, interruption – a kind of communicative behavior - is a popular phenomenon in conversation now and considered as a central issue of feminist research because it plays a significant role to define who is dominating in the conversation. Besides, the understanding of interruption in conversation can take advantage of controlling conversation as well as achieving the communication goals regardless gender difference. Interruption is defined as the intention to break the talks of the current speaker and this phenomenon stops him/her from completing his/her current…show more content…
The findings conclude that men interrupt more than women in mixed conversation without concerning to women’s age, occupation, social status, role relationship, topics, styles (Coates, 2004; Graddol & Swann, ; Tanent, 1992; West & Zimmerman, 1983). More specially, West & Zimmerman (1983) showed about 75% male interruptions to 25% female in mixed conversation and in family context, Coates (2004) found that husband control his wife conversation and parents control their children conversation, and in occupation status, women are interrupted by men even they have high positions (Wood, 1989). This male dominant conversation has been explained related to male higher social position and more power than female. Another findings are found in Itakura & Tsui (2004)’ study about gender conversational dominance in Japan that dealt with two dimensions: sequential dominance – “one speaker wants to control another speaker with to the direction of the interaction” and participatory dominance – “one speaker’s tendency to control the other speaker’s participation in interaction by restricting his or her speaking rights through interruptions, overlaps and completion offers”. They concluded that “male are speakers’ self-orientated conversational style” and women play subservient role in the interaction and hence, “gender dominance is seen as a mutual construction”. However,

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