Gender Equality In Democratic Societies

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A democratic society is one which has a government ruled by the people, whereas a capitalist society is an economic system based on private ownership and free market. This essay will argue that gender equality is only possible in democratic and capitalist societies, because people in freer economies tend to be more concerned with equality as they have more time and energy. This will be demonstrated by explaining how women’s lives have become better in economically free and rich countries and how women in non-democratic and non-capitalist societies face much more inequality. A key argument supporting the above statement is that people in freer economies are more concerned with gender equality as they have more time and energy. This has resulted…show more content…
Studies have also found that entrepreneurs refusing to hire female workers, cannot remain competitive in the market and eventually lose profits (Weber & Zuelehner, 2014), This journal further supports Becker’s theory on discrimination. Not only does this provide more opportunities for women to work, but it also provides them with more resources and involves them in production. This can greatly help reduce gender inequality. Taking the Ju/’hoansi of South Africa as an example. Since their main source of food was based on plant products, women had a greater role in distributing food and had direct access to it. Due to this reason, men and women conversed more between each other, this lead to more gender equal relationships (Liu, 2016). Capitalist societies provide the similar resources and opportunities for women compared to women in other societies and this is another reason as to why capitalist societies provide a more balanced relationship between…show more content…
With voting privileges, the government represents the entire population, not just a few people considered to be high ranking in society. Furthermore, Beer (2009), mentions in her article that gender equality is heavily linked to democratic societies. Democratic societies provide more opportunities for women through means of voting as they have a direct say in policies regarding themselves. Whereas in non-democratic societies, the people in power rarely represent women as equally as men, which eventually leads to policies being made either oppressing women or not even taking them into consideration. Beer’s article also mentions a study, that found out that countries that have had equal voting rights for a longer period of time also had a higher female population, greater female life expectancy compared to men, and higher rates of female labor force participation. All these factors imply that democratic societies have given much more opportunities for women, achieving gender equality. This study supports the argument that within democratic societies, women are given more job opportunities, even in some fields that would be considered not suitable for women. All these factors considered, it can be seen that democratic societies are directly linked to gender
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