In this type of society, men will always be superior to women. The difference in treatment of females and males shows a double standard in the society. Double standards were used for everything, not just lying, and this is what held women back from being able to grow and change the overall plot for The Odyssey. If this patriarchy did not exist, we could have seen Penelope as a strong, independent woman. She could have remarried or simply ruled Ithaca instead of waiting for the return of her husband.
Beauty pertains to the goddesses and women. Homer infers that a woman’s importance lies in her looks while for men their importance lies in their heroism. Throughout The Iliad, Homer highlights the gender inequalities between Helen and her male counterparts Agamemnon, Achilles, and Paris. Homer accentuates the objectification of women through conflicts between male characters. In Book 1, the audience is first introduced to this idea in a speech by the King of Mycenae, Agamemnon.
Every day she sows a death shawl for her father in law, and each night she unwinds her progress, telling the suitors that she will choose a husband when she is done sowing. She tricks the cunning Odysseus into revealing himself. Penelope knows that as a woman in her own right, she has no political or economic power. It is, ultimately, her father’s decision whom she will marry, and her own son pressures her into remarriage so he can inherit his father’s land. If Penelope had been able to be a powerful single woman, would she have remained loyal to Odysseus?
In Homer’s The Odyssey, gods like Athena and Poseidon interfere with humans to satisfy their own desires, showing that they are just as imperfect and flawed as the mortals that they rule over. Athena favors Odysseus since he reminds her of herself. He portrays the same cunning, guile, and intelligence as she does; Athena had confided to him that “two of a kind, we are, contrivers, both,” comparing how similar they are. “Of all men now alive,” she says, “you are the best in plots and story telling. My own fame is for wisdom among the gods --deceptions too.” (The Odyssey 13.379-384.)
From a sexual morality perspective, the Greek system of morality kept women completely under the control of the men, even if the men were away fighting wars or trading with distant peoples. The Greeks did not trust women with any agency or control in their lives, even when they were away. Greek sexual morals were designed to villainize the relationships between men and women, while male homosexual relationships were seen as pure. In contrast, in Roman society, especially among the elites, women were expected women to sometimes participate in decisions of magnitude, either as an active member of the family or as a vessel for economic or political power. Elite Roman women made connections, either thorough formal marriages
In the time period where The Odyssey takes place, women are expected to be loyal and are punished severely if they are not. For men, however, the rules are a lot more lenient. When Odysseus arrives home and hears about what has been happening in his hall while he was away, he becomes furious. All of the suitors are killed swiftly with arrows or spears, but each maid sleeping with them is forced to “thrust her head into a noose and swung” because she is a “slut” and does not deserve “the clean death of a beast” (423). The suitors went after his wife and lived in his house for seven years, but they get a less severe punishment then the disloyal maids.
The household will clothe, feed, and room the guest, while the guest in return shows respect and gratefulness. Penelope continues to practice xenia, even though the suitors “bled [Odysseus’] house to death” by eating, drinking, and stealing, “ravished the serving women [and] wooed [her without consent]” (Homer 22.37-38). Even after an instance when the suitors “broke into uproar… / [and prayed] to lie besides her [and] share her bed]” (1.420-21) when she cried about Odysseus’ absence, Penelope stilled practiced xenia. When Odysseus returns, he
They are asked to leave out of courtesy to them, not their wives or daughters. It was thought to be improper to see a woman give birth. “Childbirth was one area of life that was distinctly female; men...generally excluded from the birthing chamber” (Married Life). Although this allows for many sexist ideas to be shared, it also allows for the beautiful relationships between women to be created. Women had to stick together in a world run by men.
Despite the fact that the The Odyssey was written in the 8th century BCE, society can still learn from the erroneous ideals and expectations for men and women that it displays. The Odyssey explores distorted gender role themes that have since evolved into a better balanced society. Penelope, Odysseus’ wife, was left alone at home for twenty years while Odysseus traveled the world embarking on extravagant adventures. Although Odysseus was fending off monsters, Penelope showed her emotional struggle when she “sank down, holding the weapon on her knees, and drew her husband’s great bow out, and sobbed and bit her lip and let the salt tears flow” (Homer 1150). Penelope was expected to take care of her home and child, but she longed for her husband.
Small lies that we subconsciously tell ourselves mean nothing in the grand scheme of things, but if we tell ourselves small fibs on a regular bases over small and miniscule problems, what’s to stop us from saying bigger lies when bigger issues arise? One of the biggest issues, gender discrimination, must be abolished since women struggle with the gender pay gap, and unfair treatment in sports, while men struggle with the gender discrimination in divorce cases, mostimes leaving their gender as the main reason the mother receives custody over the child or children. Women may be able to participate in the same profession as men, but the large gap in pay between genders fails to attribute to the positives of said situation. The members of the Institute for Women 's Policy Research have used statistics over the past hundred years to conclude that: “Hispanic women will have to wait until 2233 and Black women will wait until 2124 for equal pay” (Pay Equity). The IWPR states that, “According to our research, if change continues at the same slow pace as it has done for the past fifty years, it will take 44 years—or until 2059—for women to finally reach pay parity.” The same institute claims that the time span will stretch from a 41 - 215 year wait for equal pay.
Romeo 's personality of peace, loving, yet vengeful caused his own doom once he was exiled for killing Tybalt who killed Mercutio. Thus 'evidently causing pain for Juliet who lost both her lover and cousin. Juliet 's father arranging Juliet 's marriage to Paris made her mourning worse, already being married to Romeo yet being separated made her to reason with Friar Laurence. The plan that was supposed to reunite both Lovers indefinetly brought upon their own doom. Juliet herself drank the sleeping potion when Romeo was on his way earlier than anticipated, whom bought poison upon hearing of her "death" , planning to kill himslef on her tomb alongside her.
This novel is based on finding love and janie finds that but is messed up at the end. She gets with tea cake and she ends up killing him Nanny would have liked it because he stayed with her but he hit her so she would 've told janie to stop seeing him or leave from him. Though she 's put on trial for murder, she 's pronounced innocent. After Tea Cake 's funeral, Janie returns home
Juliet doesn’t want to marry him because she is already married to Romeo, so she and the Friar devise a plan to let Romeo and Juliet live happily ever after. This plan is for Juliet to drink a potion which simulates death so that she will be buried in the family tomb where Romeo can come and visit her. This plan works, Romeo is in the tomb waiting for Juliet to wake up, but someone is coming and Juliet hasn’t woke up yet, so Romeo drinks poison and dies.
This gruesome treatment of women as nothing more than a paper towel you use and toss aside truly emphasizes how inferior they were to men. The powerful men do not think twice about disrespecting women and do not consider the feelings of their wives. These actions differ from our modern philosophical approach to women’s position in society in the sense that now it would be deemed repugnant to sleep with many women and parade your mistresses around town. Presently, our society’s morals prevent us from having the same style of relationships between Greek men and women, a relationship that resembles the one of master to slave in the