Gender Equality: The Importance Of Gender Inequalities

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1.2.2 IMPORTANCE OF GENDER EQUALITY Equality between women and men (gender equality) refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. This entails that women’s and men’s rights, responsibilities and opportunities not depend on whether they are born male or female and that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration. Furthermore, there is increasing acceptance that gender equality is not a women’s issue, but should concern and fully engage men as well as women, since equality between women and men is seen both as a human rights issue and as a precondition for, and indicator of, sustainable people centered development. Promoting gender equality and…show more content…
When the significance of these gender inequalities is evaluated it can be differentiated into intrinsic and instrumental concerns. If we are interested with aggregate well-being then we should analyze the important capabilities of longevity and education as critical fundamental elements in well-being as measured by, for example, Sen’s notion of ‘capabilities’ (Sen, 1999) and any reduced attainments for women in these capabilities is intrinsically challenging. In spite of these intrinsic problems of gender inequality, the instrumental effects of gender bias should also be considered. Gender inequality may adversely affect some useful development goals. First, it can negatively affect the childern’s education and health as depicted by Lagerlof (1999) in his paper. Also gender inequality in education may avert decline in fertility rate, infant mortality rate (Summers, 1994; Murthi, Guio and Dreze, 1995; Hill and King, 1995). Secondly, gender inequality may decrease economic growth and human development. This is an imperative problem to the degree that economic growth advances the enhancement in well-being or at least enables the enhancement in well-being. On average, economic growth extends well-being that is measured through indicators such as longevity, literacy, and reduced poverty, has been determined many times, whereas not all types of growth do so to the same extent (Dreze and Sen, 1989; UNDP, 1996; Bruno, Squire, and Ravallion, 1996; Pritchett and Summers, 1996). Therefore, policy-makers should take into consideration the policies that improve economic growth and do not cause detriment to other essential development

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