Gender Gap Analysis

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Bobbit-Zeher states four identifying factors related to education which she accredits to the existence of the gap, “Gender differences on four of these measures, in particular, are implicated in the gender income gap: (1) choice of a college major, (2) skills as measured by standardized tests, (3) amount of education, and (4) selectivity of the college attended (Bobbit-Zeher, 2007, p. 4). This article is valuable in pointing out early factors which help to perpetuate the gender gap and provide a solid historical foundation for the research and scope of this thesis. This is mainly due to the consideration that the factors related to education have long been the basis for the form of discrimination that is related to this pay inequality. The…show more content…
The theory of workforce attachment as used by the authors basically highlights the fact that women in a general sense will spend less time in the workforce than men. This is mainly due to the argument that women will leave careers to have and raise children which has the lasting consequences of loss of human capital in missed trainings, promotions, and sometimes loss of seniority. Thus the author’s argue that salary and accumulated weekly earnings are not a good measure to distinguish wage gap disparity between men and women. Therefore the author suggests looking at hourly compensation for determining the differences between the sexes. The author cites that, “The earnings gap dropped to 30 percent in 1989 and to 23.7percent in 1999. In the second quarter of 2011, the gap reached a low of 16.5 percent” (Kolesnikova & Liu, 2011, p. 1). The authors than hypothesize that the gap may not be as significant as it looks on paper as the numbers which are already dropping do not take into account the hourly pay of men and women but rather than accumulated pay that they receive. The striking piece of information out of this article are the statistics cited by Kolesnikova and Liu, “A recent report prepared for the U.S.Department of Labor analyzed the gender wage gap…show more content…
To start with Palmer discusses the equal pay act of 1963 however, as can be seen the legislation is a little dated. Since this legislation is older and has been bypassed in several ways as par the research above shows one can deduce that overall the bill lacks some of the initial bite that was to accompany the bark that was the intention of this legislation. It is because women were falling through the cracks of the legal system and not provided protection under the equal pay act of 1963 that President Barack Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter fair pay act which granted the seeking of restitution regardless of when the discrimination took place. This is highly relevant in that one would not know when they were being discriminated against and or have the proper evidence of such discrimination occurring. One such form of discrimination that needs to be accounted for as Palmer points out is maternal profiling. At times companies may profile women and assume at some point in their career they are going to have and raise children. Due to this assumption the company will invest less human capital in women, which is less training, maybe not promoting them or giving them responsibility etc. Thus, in dual income families when a couple does decide to have children a caregiver is usually picked, this job is usually given to the spouse who

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