Gender Gap In Kenya

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WAGE DETERMINATION AND THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN KENYA: ANY EVIDENCE OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION?
1. INTRODUCTION
This study presents an analysis of the determinants of wages as well as a decomposition of the gender gap across sectors in Kenya. With an increase in wage employment over the years, the country is still faced with some great level of unemployment especially with the women category of the labour force. This paper examines the distribution of labour by gender across the job market in Kenya in order to determine if there is discrimination against women in both labour market participation and wages.
1.1 Problem Statement
Available literature argues that labour markets are segmented and segregated by gender in most developing countries with
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The specific objectives include:
• To analyse labour market participation and earnings along gender lines in Kenya.
• To explore the existence and nature of labour market discrimination in Kenya.
• On the basis of these two objectives, to draw policy recommendations for improving labour market conditions and welfare along gender lines in
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Nevertheless, women are less likely than men with similar characteristics to enter the labour market, but gender differences in participation narrow as education increases. The author observes that discrimination in the labour market gives rise to three of the observed gender biases: First, controlling for education, women are less likely to work for wages than men. Neitzert (1994) argues that women’s participation in the paid labour market is curtailed relative to their male counterparts because the labour market provides incentives that tend to reproduce the existing sexual division of labour in which women specialize in household and subsistence production and men participate in market production. The author observes that the effect of discrimination is to redistribute wages only within each type of labour and that the resulting estimate of wage discrimination is sensitive to differences in the distribution of characteristics across men and women. Negatu (1993) supports these studies and argues that experience and the nature of the labour market itself lead to differences in labour market participation by gender. Their results indicate that education plays an important role in
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