By Oonagh Reitman. In the article gives an account of differences of opinion and the actions applied by both the perspective of the human rights of women. The article explained about the difference of opinion between cultural relativism towards feminism, this happens by inequality opinion submitted by both parties. Many differences make these two almost opposite perspective. Cultural relativism is a perspective who believes that culture is the source of all human rights.
What came with the views of female empowerment came the views of those who saw females as merely caregivers to the male population. One person in particular who is a strong believer in this idealistic was Jean Jacques Rousseau. His “radical stance on nature and the establishment of the civil state was viewed as dangerous by many philosophes” (Rogers,84). The Enlightenment allowed scholars and writers to put forth their ideas and pave the way for different outlooks on societies standards especially when it came to women’s gender roles. The ideas of gender roles varied in terms of how women should be represented in society and how they should contribute and participate in civil duties; in which some scholars see women as non-essential assets in the society where some see women having the potential to help society gain momentum in the
The Modern Gender Stereotypes: A Normative Critique. Gender stereotypes are particularly attributed to men and women as in society reinforcing the distribution of different roles based on gender. According to Martin, Little and Wood (1990), gender stereotypes refer to a set of societal norms that hold the fixed ideas about male’s and female’s trait and capabilities and what type of behaviors are generally considered acceptable by the society, based on their sex. Several things are thought to be correlated with gender stereotyping which include the gender concept of femininity and masculinity, the portrayal of domination of men against women and the character traits people hold based on the sex preferences. These are regarding to the behavior
And then I will analysis two female characters who is Beneatha and Ruth to discuss how they deal with sexism in society. First of all, sexism is an unfair treatment of people because of their sex, especially an unfair treatment of women. “There are the concept of discrimination or prejudice build upon sexual which against women.” ("Sexism." Merriam-Webster). “Sexism also can be a belief that one sex is superior to or more valuable than another sex.” ("Sexism | Sociology."
However, as Professor Thompson states in her PowerPoint gender can be influenced by cultural idea’s that separate people based on sex, which in turn sets up gender roles that are expected to be followed based on the sex of a person. Butler (1998) depicts that the idea of gender is an illusion of our beliefs and states that “the body is a historical idea”. With this he is stating that something, in this case gender, only means something when we put meaning behind it. Therefore, if gender ideals didn’t exist, people would have reacted completely differently towards Ludovic Fabre’s mannerisms and choice in lifestyle. Professor Thompson defines sex as the biological differences between males and females.
This quote shows how oppression is largely universal while demonstrating how uncomfortable topics should not be avoided for fear of said discomfort. The differences that separate us as a people such as race, class, age, ethnicity, religion, and sexuality demonstrate the intermeshed oppressions that both men and women experience uniquely from one another. In “Age, Race, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference”, author Audre says that racism and sexism is a “belief in the superiority of one race/ sex over all others.” We have all been manipulated into thinking how society wants us to think and this mindset will set up a lifetime pursuit of attempting to decolonize this way of thinking that has been instilled in us for so long. It is almost impossible not to recognize the difference when you know it is there. Race only exists if we allow our consciousness and belief to come
Atwood’s point in creating such an unusual dynamic of sexual control is a comment on women’s traditional role in society and how demeaning it is. Lucy Friebert says that changing the power dynamic to be sexist is making a “woman’s biology her destiny” and “exposes the complicity of women
Throughout history, society has shaped the lives of individuals by assigning individuals a specific way to be a part of society while deviation is most likely viewed as unacceptable and will likely be censured. Betty Friedan in chapter 1 of her novel “The Feminine Mystique” describes society’s assigned role for females and how women sacrificed their desires to fulfil the role assigned by society. E.J Graff in his essay “The M/F Boxes” describes how transgender and intersex individuals suffered humiliation and alienation because they did not meet society’s expectation of what a man or a woman is. Stephen Hinshaw in an excerpt from “What is the Triple Bind?” brings to attention the contemporary issue females are facing as they are expected to
Gender roles are a social construct that cultures depend on in order to differentiate between males and females in society. Females are more obviously negatively affected by these gender roles. Susan Bordo examines how these roles have an effect on notions of control as well as mental disorders such as Hysteria, Agoraphobia, and Anorexia. Bordo states that a person’s body works as a ‘medium of culture’ in that “the bodies of disordered women offer themselves as an aggressively graphic text for the interpreter” (Bordo 2017: 80). These women show with their bodies, sometimes unconsciously, what words cannot.
Gender inequality is a social justice issue that is prominent in several societies as it is a direct reflection of the systematic power distribution amongst the two binary genders. This form of inequality is reflected through a set of adverse behaviours projected from one individual to another, known as domestic violence. Individuals perform the identities that is associated with their gender role because it is what is culturally acceptable within their given society. Judith Butler’s theory of ‘Gender as a Performance’ depicts that the practices that individuals repeat and perform assure the elements that an identity is composed of. This theory is an embodiment of domestic violence as it establishes the inequality amongst the different genders, by allowing the male to perform his dominance, causing the female to feel inferior to this.
He would modify his conception about race a little, not completely agree with race being socially constructed but also not completely biologically constructed. About the social construction of sex/gender, he would totally disagree with it since his comments about women being inferior prove that he believed that it is the traits, genes and IQ level, which make women inferior, not just the society. Darwin would probably criticize the concept of social construction of race and more certainly of sex/gender because of his theories of origins of humans. He would argue that some races have evolved and progressed more than others progress and this would just be possible due to the genetic makeup of them including traits. Sexual selection is Darwin’s theory in which, he says certain physical, mental or psychological traits evolved because they assist in competition among individuals for access to preferred mates or because they are improvements of traits that help to attract mates.
Feminist theory, argues that the basic cause of sexual assault revolves around the nature of gender inequality; that is, gender inequality for all genders, not just males and females. In the focus of feminist theory we analyze patriarchal norms, gender discrimination as well as sexual objectification. The focus of gender as the key cause, is however, flawed. While this theory does explain a large proportion of sexual assaults and cover both distal and proximal variables, it doesn’t fully help explain the largely under researched topics of same-sex assaults and the factor of vulnerability and power. Structural functionalist theory is also a peculiar choice.