In 1979 demand grew for making the limit one child per family. However, that stricter requirement was then applied unevenly across the country among the provinces, and by 1980 the central government sought to standardize the one-child policy nationwide. On September 25, 1980, a public letter—published by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party —called upon all to adhere to the one-child policy, and that date has often been cited as the policy’s official start date. The program was intended to be applied nationally, although certain exceptions were made. In the early 1980s China relaxed the policy to allow couples to have a second child if each parent are both only children—meaning both parents have no siblings.
What are some communist countries that have gender inequality? Of course, communist countries should be the country where everyone is equal and fair, so there should not be any things like inequality. However, there are some communist countries with inequality, and China is one of the communist country that has gender inequality. In fact, gender inequalities in China enslave Chinese women, because they are biased for a men. Reason why it is history, because the worst gender inequalities were existed long time ago.
Women not only in China but also all over the world have made huge progress in the workplace. On the other side, it should take a note that women cluster in occupations and industries pay lower salaries overall than men in China, which is based on a fact that women are less likely than men to reach higher-level positions. In ancient Chinese society, the traditional Confucianism regard women as lowly and weak belongings of man, even in modern China, such beliefs still affect Chinese society. For example, women naturally take on more responsibility for house care. This pattern means that men get a better shot at a pay rise or a promotion than their female colleagues and are less likely to be in jobs for which they are overqualified.
As seen in Greenhalgh’s and Winckler’s book, the one-child policy resulted in many single daughters, who received all the attention from their parents and while it may have been a blessing to some, many of the “hottest and best paying jobs… are open exclusively to young women with good looks and sex appeal,” (Doc D). This statement portrays that women are thought of as objects, with prospective employers only looking at their physical appearance, not caring for their education of inner self. However, this also portrays the gender inequality exhibited by China, and shows that women in China only receive jobs because of how they look. This compares to Fitzpatrick’s article, as the practice of female infanticide, killing female infants, also became common practice in some area’s after the one-child policy was put into use (Doc E). It had long been known in China, that boys were more valuable than girls, and this practice further goes to show the chasm, between boys and girls in Chinese society.
Sex bias infanticide killed countless female babies which caused gender imbalance. In China, there are 30 million more men than women under the age of 20 and the ratio of 118 to 110 male and female. With the extreme gap between the population of men and women, finding a suitable spouse for men is a tremendously difficult. Therefore the family trees are empty and barren and could not continue their next generation. By all means, according to Harvard Health Publications married men had better health than men who are single or divorced or widowed.
They believe this problem is occurring around the world as well. Statistics have shown, one-third of all pregnancies are aborted by the mother in the U.S. But, in other countries, these numbers are higher. In Russia, over 70% of all pregnancies are ended by abortion. Also, over 95% of all abortions in Russia, are performed for the convivence for the mother (Deem 1).
This happens if a fetus stops growing and the body begins to expel such fetus. In this case, there will be induced abortion if a mother takes the decision to end her pregnancy through either the medical or the surgical induction (University of Washington, 2015) The women may take the decision of abortions for medical reasons such as contraceptive failure. This is the most common reason to abortion. There are more than half women choose abortions. Risking death or severe injury may be
All environmentalists agree that China is getting by on a tiny amount of water and that percentage of water is decreasing (The Economist). “In 1970, China had 50,000 rivers and now those rivers have had water extracted from them due to agriculture and industry” (The Economist). China needs to be more concerned with the environment and not only the urbanization of the
Statistically, this extreme form of family planning has resulted in the ratio of 115 males for every 100 female babies born. Normally, 105 males are naturally born for every 100 females. This skewed ratio in China creates a problem for the future generation of young men of not having enough women to marry and have their own
A government program that controlled reproductive rights of women was unheard of by the world before China's one-child policy. Essentially, the policy was meant to enforce the limitation to one offspring per couple, and the promotion of birth control for the entire nation. For a large portion of recorded history, the People's Republic of China has been the most populous country in the world. After a rapid rise in the nation's fertility rate in the 20th century the controversial one-child per couple policy was put into effect in 1979 by the Chinese State Council. It was meant to be a short term measure with the goal of moving towards a “small-family culture” (Hesketh et al.)