The Mayan culture discovered a written language, rubber, and math concepts. The most important discovery is the creation of a written language. For example, the Mayan language included eight hundred glyphs, while each of these glyphs symbolized a word or syllable (“Mayan Scientific Achievements”). As claimed by Adihikari, the Mayan language was utilized for history, daily events, information about gods, and achievements. Further, the information was written on pillars, walls, and stone slabs for the public to see (Adihikari).
Rebekah Hayes Instructor: Harmony Thibodeaux Psychology 2080 August 20, 2015 1) What are the important differences between biological sex, gender, and sexuality? Biological sex is our anatomy; this relates to a humans anatomical and reproductive system. Determined by karyotype (chromosomes of a cell, 46 XY karyotype in typical males and 46 XX karyotype in typical females), internal genitalia (testes and ovaries), external genitalia (scrotum and penis in males; labia and clitoris in females), and secondary sex differentiation at puberty (Pasterski, 2008). Gender is the state of being female or male; it is the separation of a species, commonly used with reference to social, behavioral and cultural differences preferably than biological ones. The word gender was used by Jacobs, Thomas, and Lang (1997) to refer to "cultural rules, ideologies, and expected behaviors for individuals of diverse phenotypes and psychosocial characteristics."
Heteronormativity is defined as a social doctrine of standards that basically force us to act according to the sex (and thus heteronormative gender associated with that sex) that we are born with ;for instance as devising relationships with the opposite sex, getting married and later giving birth to children. The author also outlines the key challenges of the social norms that preserve protection against the discrimination of non-heteronormative individuals in post-apartheid South Africa (Steyn and van Zyl 2009:3). There is so many concerns involving heteronormativity, to such an extent that it affects heterosexuals as well. Regardless of the advances, the question is whether or not there will ever be equality for same-sex couples with heterosexual ones. Thus these problems are caused by heteronormativity, in which the concepts is still applicable in the twenty first century.
Cohen states that, “a monster signifies something other than itself” [Cohen 8] which signifies with gender setting boundaries based on strict rules of beliefs that shape how people behave and relate to one another. Ultimately, “Becoming Members of Society: Learning the Social Meanings of Gender” is proven to be more credible using the CRAAP test analysis than Cohen 's, "Monster Culture (7 Theses)" because Aaron H. Devor’s use of factual evidence is based on proven sociological studies rather than Cohen’s topic based on outdated currency and subjective interpretations. The first step in determining the credibility of both Devor’s and Cohen’s work is by looking at the publishing date and and the writing’s currency. Devor’s article “Becoming Members of Society: Learning the
This essay will focus on whether or not gender disparities exist in sentencing and if so, to what degree does this gender disparity exist as well as the reason behind its occurrence. This paper will approach this question by looking at sentencing guidelines itself, specifically how extra-legal factors influence sentencing guidelines. Extra-legal factors such as the familial unit (husband/wife and children), social norms, and gender ideologies will be examined to determine their influence on sentencing for not only females but males as well (Doerner and Demuth 2012). A common misconception many individuals have about gender disparities and sentencing, is to assume that women receive a favorable sentencing outcome in comparison to men, due to
In the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, numerous theorists approached the drag community with a different framework: to understand drag culture and its motivations through a drag queen and kings eyes rather than through the eyes of dominant culture (Schacht 2002a p. 162). The overwhelming majority of writings explored drag by examining the gender and sexual representations that were conveyed in these performances, while other theorists analysed the way gender and sexuality shaped the personal and collective identities of drag kings and queens. (Butler 1990, 1993; Garber 1992). As a result, they were able to clarify that not all men who dress as women are drag queens or that all females who dress as males are drag kings. Other categories include: transvestites or cross-dressers, generally straight men or women who wear the opposite gender’s clothing for erotic reasons; preoperative male-to-female/female-to-male transsexuals; and transgendered people who display and embrace a gender identity at odds with their biological sex (Fleisher 1996; Brubach and O’Brien 1999; Meyerowitz 2002; Schacht 2002a; Taylor and Rupp 2004).
der; pink for girls and blue for boys. If one stops to think, one wonders about the origin of this distinction; it must lie in the gender. Gender is not sex, gender is burdened with more requirements, such as: qualities, beliefs, and characteristics. These requirements are decided by a culture's norms. According to her book, Gender Troubles, Judith Butler, a "gender-theorist-turned-philosopher-of-nonviolence", as she puts it ("Judith Butler"), defines gender as a cultural construct with defining features that must be followed, which is distinct from sex, a biological attribute.
In order to explore the impactions of black and white standards of beauty (Eurocentric) that influence Black female hair styles in modern day United states, I will utilize concepts and theories from Anthropology and African American studies. According to Robert H. Lavenda, Anthropology is the study of human beings that is holistic, comparative, field-based, and evolutionary. Anthropologists gather a wide range of information from multiple cultures, compare cultural practices, incorporate other disciplines, and join in cultural practices to determine “who they [the people being studied] are and why they do what they do” (Lavenda 2012). Cultural anthropology specifically assumes that culture the individual and communities. Culture is defined
This shows that sex doesn’t come to play until puberty. According to the article “The social construction of gender” by Judith Lorber, she claims “gender is one of the major ways that humans begins organize their lives (141).” Gender makes a huge impact on everyone. Society uses gender and age grades. It creates the social differences that define woman and man. In the article “New orientations asexuality” by Karli CeranKowski and Megan Milks” they stated “the modest attention human asexuality has received has come mainly from medical and psychological discourse, which has acknowledged asexuality only relatively recently, and then solely in pathologizing terms (349)”.
The second definition states: “Combining both masculinity and femininity as traits of a unified gender that defies social roles and psychological attributes” (Lee,2005). However, in today’s society typically the psychological definition of the term androgynous is the one frequently utilized to explain exactly what androgynous is. The term androgynous also can refer to an individual’s sexual orientation; for example, an individual who is