Gender Inequalities In The Caribbean

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For as long as history has been recorded, gender inequalities exist among individuals. Gender inequality refers to unbiased differences in abilities, skills and other characteristics. It is also the denial of equal opportunities and rights with regards to employment, access to health care and education towards women. Gender is the social construct of individuals within a society which are learnt behaviours that can be unlearnt and sometimes changed overtime. Gender norms and inequalities are major contributors to the spread of HIV/AIDS. According to the Mayo Clinic (2004), “AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body 's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease”. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection that spreads through the contact with infected blood. Gender inequality greatly impact women being more likely to be infected with…show more content…
Gender inequality is very much evident in countries in the Caribbean such as Jamaica and Haiti which impact the HIV epidemic among high risk population groups such as commercial sex workers (CSWs) and men who have sex with men…show more content…
In the Caribbean, Haiti and Jamaica have the highest population of people living with HIV, with Haiti having the highest and Jamaica having the third highest. The high prevalence in these countries is driven by different factors. Based on UNAIDS (2013), statistics have shown that “the average HIV prevalence rate is estimated at 1.6% of the adult [Jamaican] population, although higher prevalence has been recorded in certain vulnerable groups such as commercial sex workers (CSW’s) (9%) and men who have sex with men (MSM) (20–30%)”. In Jamaica, behavioural, economic and socio-cultural factors encourage the epidemic especially among the CSWs, MSM and

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