Enrolment in primary education in developing regions reached 90 per cent in 2011, up from 82 per cent in 1999, which means more children than ever are attending primary school. But even as countries with the toughest challenges have advanced, progress on primary school enrolment has slowed since 2004, dimming hopes for achieving universal primary education by 2015. Across 63 developing countries, girls were more likely to be out of school than boys among both primary and lower secondary age groups. The gender gap in school attendance widens in lower secondary education, even for girls living in better-off households. MDG3 This the overarching gender equality goal, which encompasses parity in education, political participation, and economic empowerment Target: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 Indicators: These include the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector and the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
The percentage of women who have begun childbearing increases rapidly with age, from 1 percent among women age 15 to 39 percent among women age 19. Teenage pregnancy is twice as high in rural areas as in urban areas. Teenage childbearing is lowest in the hill zone (16 percent) and highest in the terai (18 percent); however, teenage pregnancy in the terai zone has declined markedly, from 26 percent in 2001. Not surprisingly, early childbearing is inversely related to educational level. Likewise, teenagers with no education are about four times more likely to have begun childbearing than those with SLC and higher education (32 percent and 8 percent, respectively).
Target 2: The hunger reduction target should be almost met by 2015. Globally, about 842 million people are estimated to be undernourished. More than 99 million children under age five are still undernourished and underweight Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Target 3:
Gender is not only about fairness and equity, it is also about economic empowerment and includes many political, social and cultural dimensions. For decades now many countries around the globe have made substantial progress towards gender equality in fields of education and work. Nonetheless there is still a gender gap, women still earn less than men, are less likely to make it to the top of the job ladder and spend probably more of their final years in poverty. Gender inequality means wasting years of funding girls and young females in education, this implies less essential contribution that woman make to the economy. Making the best out of their talents, whether man or woman ensures that all have an equal chance to be involved at home and in the workplace, thereby strengthen their well-being and that of society.
On the average,every family was likely to have one or two children.The birth rate of 30 per 1000 of the population in 1965 fell to a low of 17 per 1000 in 1965.If the birth rate had continue to fall at that rate the population will only reach it peak of 3 million. The warning alert come in 1989 and since then,the policy has changed. Between 1965 and this year,Singapore population grew from 1.9 million to 5.5 million.However,as Singapore’s economic is
The Gender Pay Gap Issue Is Fixable -- But May Require Bolder Actions To Overcome. Retrieved from Forbes.com: http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2015/11/22/the-gender-pay-gap-issue-is-fixable-but-may-require-bolder-actions-to-overcome/2/ It is reported by the Economic Policy Institute that although women had made tremendous records entering into workforce and gain great successes in education, but their wage is 83% comparing to men. The world forum also released a report in 2015 that women now make as much as men earned a decade ago. Globally, Gender pay gap is worse than the U.S., which is 52% of men. Due to the slow progress in pay equity, it is predicted that it will take another 118 years to close global pay equity gap.
Evidence gathered through empirical studies showed that women were disadvantaged in comparison with men on virtually every known economic indicator (Schmitt et al., 2002). Using a large sample of medical professionals, Carr, Szalacha, Barnett, Caswell, and Inui (2003) assessed the effects of gender bias on female medical specialists, primarily physicians. Carr et al. found that 75% of the female respondents chose (from 11 options) gender discrimination as the first or second most important factor hindering their careers, with 40% of the respondents ranking gender discrimination as the primary obstacle. Further, these respondents indicated that they were inadequately prepared as a result of their formal and informal training to deal with gender discrimination in the workplace.
Therefore, until recent years there were not many women prepared for formal and business activities. During the independence time, no women were qualified for job employment in the government. The colonial system was the initial of “gender-based social economic” difference which is common in SSA economic system (Njoh, & Rigos, 2003. The UN realizes the difficulties of many women in the developing nations after the industrial capitalism that controlled the long-established economies (Mensah & Antoh, 2005). The UN’s second decade declaration of 1975-1985 for women propagates governments, and non-governmental agencies to acknowledge the role of women in development activities (Moser, 1989, &1993; Blomqvist & Tisdell, 1996; Momsen, 1991; Hay & Stichter 1995; Brydon & Legge, 1996 and Mensah & Antoh, 2005).
Over the last sixty years, American women have made incredible progress in the labor market. From 1950-2011, women’s labor force participation nearly doubled from 33.9% to 58.1%. Did you know that in 2014, women’s median wages were approximately 50% higher than what women earned a generation prior, and women earned 82% of what men made in 2011, up from 62% in 1979. Some people believe the reason for the pay gap between men and women is because of their own personal choices. However, studies in 2012 show that after one year in college women get paid 82% of what men do.
¨An extra year of secondary school for girls can increase their future earnings by 10-20 percent. Girls with secondary schooling are up to 6 times less likely to marry as children than those with little or no education. And countries that invest in girls’ education have lower maternal and infant deaths, lower rates of HIV and AIDS, and better child nutrition. Also, when women participate in civil society and politics, governments are more open, democratic and responsive to citizens.¨ When treated as equals, not only women benefit. Countries, the economy, and the government all benefit.