Gender Inequality Case Study

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“Despite progress in recent years, girls continue to suffer severe disadvantage and exclusion in education systems throughout their lives. An estimated 31 million girls of primary school age and 32 million girls of lower secondary school age were out of school in 2013.” This essay would explore whether education will reduce inequality, with the case studies of Japan and China.
Firstly, it is important to understand the kinds of inequality the two countries are dealing with. The Global Gender Gap Index defines gender equality on four bases- health indicators such as sex ratio at birth and gender gap on the years lost to disease and disability, education in terms of literacy gaps and primary, secondary, tertiary enrolment, economic involvement
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Firstly, China implemented a special policy to ensure school-age girls enjoy equal access to compulsory education. Laws and regulations protecting women’s rights and interests have also been constantly improved. Secondly, to create favourable conditions for women's employment and career development, China implemented policies that enable women in “positions at state organs to retire at the same age as their male counterparts.” In 1990, the State Council established the National Working Committee on Children and Women, which has been commissioned the responsibilities to supervise and urge departments concerned in promoting gender equality and women’s…show more content…
The gender gap in education has been markedly narrowed. In 2014, the net primary school enrolment rates of boys and girls were both 99.8 percent, meaning that China has achieved the United Nations Millennium Development Goals ahead of time and the proportion of female students various levels of education is at least 46.7 percent. The state has set up special funds to reduce the number of illiterate women. In 2013, the illiteracy rate for females at and over the age of 15 was 6.7 percent, 17.4 percentage points lower than in 1995. Women’s average years of schooling have increased, and the gender gap has narrowed.
The increase in education chances has resulted in a marked improvement in gender equality in families in China over the past 20 years, as more than 70 percent of women have taken part in making major family decisions and the concept of sharing housework is now accepted, with the housework time gap between men and women shortened from 150 minutes 10 years ago to 74 minutes
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