Gender Inequality

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Improving economic growth The issue: Gender inequalities are costly to the economy and development of countries; these inequalities undermine productivity, trade performance, and women’s capacity to contribute to the global economy. Many women are still discriminated against and exploited, and as a result are underpaid, insecure, and poverty-stricken. Less education and business training among female entrepreneurs also reduces their productivity. What needs to be done: Promoting and shifting standards to accept workplace equality among men and women can ensure economic empowerment. Women’s empowerment through increased job opportunities can help a country’s economy. UN Women suggests collaborating with programs that enable women to secure decent jobs, access resources, and influence public policies that mainly target women with a rural background and low skill sets. Health inequality and gender The issue: Several areas in health (i.e. reproductive health, HIV and other communicable diseases, family planning, and childcare) require gender integration and mainstreaming to ensure adequate preventive care and treatment for men and women. Acute and chronic health conditions between both genders can be reduced largely through addressing health inequality caused by social and cultural norms. Among women, low socio-economic status, limited mobility, lack of decision-making power, gender-based violence, and early marriage contribute to increased risk of maternal mortality.

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