As of 2015 women are only making between $0.76 and $0.80 for every dollar men are making. The pay gap does vary by each job, CNBC says “Of course, the pay gap varies greatly by industry. The disparity was largest — nearly 30 percent — between men and women in finance and insurance, without controlling for job title, education and years of experience, among other factors,” click here for link. As you can see women are clearly paid less than men of the same career and 83% of women believe that along with 68% of men who feel they are being paid more as well. In addition to this women have come forward and explained how they are paid less than men who are their co-hosts, co-workers,
Aren’t the female officers capable of holding high positions in the Customs department? According to a journal, “Women at work equality versus inequality: barriers for advancing in the workplace” after a study conducted in Cyprus, data collected showed that several barriers prevented women from advancement such as stereotype, conflicting work and family obligations. Moreover, the study shows that men there were also controlling the “higher positions” in organizations and society. In Cyprus, companies’ recruit large numbers of women but unfortunately most of them are not promoted as they should also. They are left at lower and middle
A patriarchal system refers to “A form of social organization in which males dominate females” (Macionis). America is still considered a patriarchal society even though feminists are rising up more and more. Some researchers claim that biological factors like the difference of hormones and how the brain is structured differently is a major part as to why America cannot seem to break the chain of patriarchy. Through this chapter examples of how gender is perceived/rooted links to the way our society is set up. Men still dominate work fields such as engineering, computer science, and physical science.
Economists Marianne Bertrand, Claudia Goldin, and Lawrence Katz examined salaries of MBA graduates from top business schools and found that even if men and women had similar earnings at graduation, after a decade men earned 60% more than women. That was an example of young people starting careers with similar levels of earnings, but over time a gender gap appears and grows. Another example is people with the same level of earnings and working the same hours. After 15 years male lawyers earned 55% more than female lawyers. That 's outrageous the gender pay gap has to stop; women work the same hours and are paid less than men?
Domestic violence is a representation of Judith Butler’s ‘Gender as a Performance’ theory because it embodies the structured power relation amongst genders and how this power influences both individuals involved. The act of domestic violence in heterosexual relationships adversely enforces the identities in which males and females categorize themselves into, based on their gender performance. Domestic violence can be defined as a series of behaviours which are used to assert control over a partner in an intimate relationship (McFeely, Lombard, Burman, Whiting, & McGowan, 2013). Domestic violence is a universally known phenomenon that impacts
Gender role refers to those behaviors and attitudes that are considered to belong to one sex. Gender role is based on femininity and masculinity that differentiate women and men by giving men some roles and women which results to gender inequality. There some work in society that is regarded to belong to women such as cooking, taking care of children and other less important roles while men are given roles that makes them superior than women. Most of the gender roles associated with women makes them inferior and creates a room to be oppressed. Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men.
A struggle for power between any two or more groups of people in a society can lead to more damage and sever relations between people. Moreover, it can lead to tragic endings, much like the way Okonkwo’s relationship with Nwoye was lost forever. The concept of men being superior and women being inferior and weak is seen in many cultures, including Igbo society. Because gender roles have both advantages and disadvantages, gender-specific stereotypes are integrated in many different societies, similar to the ones prevalent in
Therefore, it is important for both men and women to realize that they both are equal, even though men are more glorified than women. With
Many societies have rested, historically, on assumptions of male superiority. Many societies, historically and now, can be seen as patriarchal – a system of organisation in which men are the dominant gender (2005:312).” Given that it is worth noting that usually there are diverse range of means to maintain gender inequality, it can be direct violence (rape, abuse), institutional discrimination (job segregation) as well as psychological ways (common stereotypes and sexist humour). To illustrate, in modern societies there is still presence of traditional thinking when a woman may be criticised for not being as feminine as a society expects, which leads to confusion and the adjustment of social behaviour or
Gender Inequality Gender inequality is a characteristic of social structure according to which different social groups (in this case men and women) have certain differences resulting in unequal opportunities. Gender inequality is associated with social construction of masculinity and femininity as oppositional categories with unequal social value (Ferree, 1999). One of the main problems in gender theory is the problem of dominance. Together with race and class gender is a hierarchical structure that could to provide both opportunities and oppression (Ferree, 1999). Gender inequality can exist in different forms, depending on culture, region, religion and other factors.