Gender Inequality Gap Analysis

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1.1Background
Inequality against women is historical, global and persistent. The gender inequality gap in access to and control over productive resources such as land, natural resources, credit facilities, technology and other means of production correlates significantly with women’s poverty and socioeconomic exclusion (Agarwal, 2007; Doss et al, 2006; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013; Commission on the Status of Women, 2014), whereas access to and control of assets is central to women’s socioeconomic wellbeing (World Survey, 2009; Meinzen-Dick et al, 2011; Dickson and Bangpan, 2012; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). Therefore, recent global attempts towards development are being more responsive to gender gap issues to ensure that men and women have equal
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(Longwe, 2002). There is a common accession that gender inequality results from socially formed perceptions and expectations of males and females as belonging to the two different biological sexes (Meinzen-Dick, 2011; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). These perceptions have largely outlined and comprised the respective statuses of males and females, defining their roles, opportunities and privileges in society. These Societal rules, roles, expectations and privileges are set and upheld by men and internalized by women through socialization. The extent of the situation is such that men determine who owns what and who uses what in the society. The product of this gender differentiation is the creation of a gender gap which results is women’s subjugation and deprivation with its concomitant toll on children in many diverse regards. This gap is identified in all aspects of life and reechoed in the family, religion, and in the social, political, cultural and economic attainments of men and…show more content…
That notwithstanding, rural women recognize that their social, political and economic status is improved with secured access right to assets particularly land (UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). According to Longwe (2002), rural poverty intervention programmes often miss out on the gender issues underlying women’s poverty. Again most rural gender interventions employ micro finance and other income or financial approaches as tools for women’s empowerment while access to assets is least considered. Rural poverty is critical in the development task of any economy and more importantly for Ghana for the following reason; even amidst rapid urban growth, about 49% of Ghana’s economically active population consists of rural women engaged in agriculture (Doss et al, 2012:2; Darko-Gyekye, 2013). If rural women constitute the majority of Ghana’s working population there is then a strong case for addressing rural women’s poverty and economic empowerment, for a major headway in eradicating poverty in our society and in the rest of the third
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