Gender Disparity In Cambodia

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Gender disparity in Cambodia How can Cambodia promote gender equality? 1 INTRODUCTION & CAUSES To the honourable members of the Cambodian People’s Party, I stand before you not only as the President of the Ministry of Women Rights, but also as a concern citizen of Cambodia to address you today on the issue of our country’s gender inequality. Although gender issues are more common in developed countries these days, highly developed countries are also facing such issues. As a country that is deeply rooted in restrictive and hierarchical culture, Cambodia is rife with gender issues. Today, the illiteracy rate of women is far higher than men, 71% being female and 50% being male (Khun, 2008). Furthermore, the proportion of women in high ranking…show more content…
As mentioned before, most Cambodians families, especially those in rural areas, have the perception that their sons deserve the priority of receiving education over the daughter. According to the World Bank Study (2004), villagers say that it is pointless for their daughters to attend school because they are poor and unable to get a job even if they are educated. As a result, only 9.85% of women over age of 25 have received more than primary education because gender gap becomes greater at a higher education level (Hdr.undp.org, 2014). Illiteracy will limit the choices available to women in terms of jobs and restricts participation in development…show more content…
Implementations of solutions are very dependent on the will of the government to address our gender disparity issues. Hence, here are some solutions that our honourable government can consider to combat the political, economic and social impact of gender discrimination on a whole. 3.1 Political Solution Resolving our gender issues lies in the hands of our government, which is none other than you, the Cambodian People’s Party. Solutions can only be implemented if you the government of the people make the effort to quickly work at either revising or coming up with new policies and laws. I’m aware that at the moment you have already appealed for international organisations like the United Nations Population Fund (UJNFPA), US Agency for International Development (USAID), as well as other non-government organisations to provide free-of-charge services to women. These services include trainings, workshops, and campaigns regarding gender promotion and also education on women’s rights. Some organisations are also sending staff members to rural villages to encourage parents to let their daughters to go to school (Khun, 2008). However, these are merely the acts of other organisations and the implementations of government policies are not strong enough. You, the government, have been paying more attention on the domestic and regional economic and political development. Don’t get me wrong, I appreciate
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