The gender pay gap is the difference between earnings made by men and earnings by women. The Gender pay gap is generally due to various reasons, such as differences discrimination in hiring process, differences in negotiations for pay, differences in education choices, differences in the jobs men can go compare to women can’t easily go for. Some factors that cause the gender pay gap: • Women leave and re-enter the workforce to meet their family and children expectations • Low pay for some jobs, like childcare due to historical trends that continue • Lower educational levels of women due to traditions • Discrimination in the hiring process, compensation and promotion at workplace. Annotated Bibliography Quast, L. (2015, November 22). The Gender Pay Gap Issue Is Fixable -- But May Require Bolder Actions To Overcome.
Hymowitz, a writer for the Manhattan Institute, attests that woman more often than not choose children over a career. Because of the fact that women have to take considerably higher time off than men for having children, and without the guarantee of paid maternity leave, women are often paid much less than men during these periods. This is not due to discrimination however, as employers simply do not have the money, or do not wish to pay the money for work an employee that can not work. These often long periods of time and the physical toll it takes for women to go through having children tends to make it harder for them to return to the work force and entices many to choose motherhood. Overall the amount of time women need for often unpaid maternity leave displays why the wage gap is not
Chinese family roles have undergone tremendous changes in the past few years. By means of a number of indicators, Women’s socioeconomic status really improved and almost equal to men. Also In terms of labour income, power positions, and housework, it is disadvantageous to
A woman who works full-time and year-round earn less money than men make because they are discriminated against in labor markets. Even though this is just a myth, it does have a claim to it. By adding up the income of men and women and dividing each by the total population of each gender, one will find that men earn an average of twenty percent more than women do. The truth behind the pay gap is how men and women make choices, choices about investing in their knowledge and skills that will lead to their education and overall job experience. However, the job experience of women is lessened by the reality of unequal pay.
Women working full-time, year-round earn a median salary of $41,554 compared to men 's median salary of $51,640 (Semega). The disparity is $10,086 per year and when calculating over the course of their career the difference is almost half a million dollars. This reduces women’s lifetime earnings and affects their pension, retirement, and social security. Although the wage gap has existed since the 1800’s, the increased participation of women in the labor force correlates with the decrease of the wage gap. The wage gap has dwindled over the years; however, the progress has slowed down in the past two decades.
It’s difficult to find an argument against the equal pay between men and women in the work relations. It is a known and common fact that men are more able to do some types of work that with more ease than most women, just like women can do some types of work better than men. Nevertheless in the term “equal work”, each one of us has to go through the same preparation to become a professional. Men and women in the same labor area should be given equal pay for equal work, in reality men are paid more than women in most jobs, in some cases even if they are doing the same jobs. Statistics shows that there is a gap between full-time working women and men, women make seventy-eight cents for every dollar a man earns.
However, the issues and complications surrounding the problem are not as black and white as the media would like it to appear to be. Regardless of this, there are many theories explaining why women are paid less than their male counterparts. As a bit of background, women account for about half of all managerial positions, but only 17 percent are in CEO or executive positions. Because of this, many question whether or not a “glass ceiling” is created for the potential that a woman can reach in her career, and therefore effecting the numbers. If more men are in higher paying jobs, then naturally the statistics are going to be skewed in favor of the them.
Katie Bardaro, from Pay Scale Human Capital, once said “The real issue here is not the gender wage gap, but the jobs wage gap. People are filling positions according to gender, with higher-paid positions being filled by men and lower-paid positions being filled by women. That needs to change” In addition, men and women have differences on how they get paid. People think that men should get paid more because they think that they can do so much more, when women can do the same amount as a man can. Although we live in a society where men earn more money for the same job, this gender gap needs to stop, because equal pay can end poverty for single mothers, makes it harder to provide for family, and can overall will help society.
Smola and Sutton (2002) found several significant differences between the BB generation and X generation: generation X had a stronger desire for quick promotion than generation BB and they were less likely to believe that ‘work should be one of the most important parts of a person 's life’. This is in keeping with the stereotype of generation X as being more ‘me’ oriented and less loyal to an employer. Generation X was also more likely to believe that they should work hard even when their supervisor was absent. Generation X felt more strongly that 'working hard makes one a better person ' comparing to BB generation that felt more strongly that 'work should be one of the most important parts of a person 's life '. Smola and Sutton (2002) concluded that work values were more influenced by generational experiences than by age and maturation.