Gender Inequality In Domestic Violence

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Domestic violence has become more seriously and international problem nowadays. Domestic violence is intentional intimidation, physical assault, sexual assault, threats, force and psychological abuse (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015). Indeed, wife assault has accounted for the largest part in domestic violence. In Australia, there was 85% of women experience assaults in 2012 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015). In US, a one-third of women and a quarter of men have been abused by intimate partner (NCADV 2015). In Hong Kong, the numbers of women are five times the numbers of men in newly reported spouse/cohabitant battering cases in every year from 2004 to 2015 (Social Welfare Department 2015; Women’s Commission…show more content…
There is a clear relationship between women’s status in a country and the level of violence against them. Twenty-seven countries in Europe and North America found that the higher educational and occupational level of women, the lower rates of domestic violence in women (Archer 2006). The social traditional stereotypes are still maintained and to constrain behaviors of both women and men though the government, social institutions that establish laws and codes of conduct. However, the belief of gender inequality that mentioned above, racial and ethnic minorities may not trust the predominantly White institutions and the criminal justice system (Klevens 2007). They may have been directly mistreated by those institutions or know that their partners are doing wrong. These potential sources of help may affect their decision to stay in the abusive relationship. In addition, many women return to their abuser because of the limited resources. Although some women may find refuge from relatives or friends, it cannot ensure that they can get protection from abusers. Therefore, the lack of alternative let no perceived choice for women, then to remain in or return to relationship abuse. In religion, spirituality and churches have potential impact on attitude toward violence. Flood & Pease (2009) found that Christian focus on wife 's submission and grading gender relations can encourage priest to persuade women to stay with their abuser while in Arab and Islamic countries, Koran had mentioned that men violence to his wives is following the commandments of God as well as Islamic law (Shari 'a) that had allowed men legitimate use of physical violence to women and sanction of female relatives. The above religious of compassion, justice and liberation in a variety of faiths can be opposite different to violence against

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