Gender Inequality In Education

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CHAPTER 3 LITERATURE REVIEW There are a number of studies that have examined the impact of gender inequality in education, employment and health on economic growth and development. Seguino (2000) examines empirically the determinants of economic growth for a set of semi-industrialized export-oriented economies in which women provide the bulk of labor in the export sector. In this paper the basic hypothesis tested is that gender inequality which causes to women’s relatively lower wages was a stimulus to growth via the effect on exports during 1975-95. The empirical findings show that GDP growth is positively associated to gender wage inequality in contrast to recent work which suggests that income inequality reduces growth. It is also indicated in the results, that part of the effect of gender wage inequality on growth is transferred through its positive effect on investment as a share of GDP. Easterly (2001) examines in his paper, Pakistan as case study of two propositions. One is that under high inequality, the political economy models of growth and public service provision put emphasis on the inducements of the elite or privileged to under-invest in the human capital of the majority. While the other political economy models emphasize that ethnic divisions will lead to low public goods provision. Over the period of 1950-99, Pakistan has had a knowledgeable and high-achieving elite and

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