Gender Inequality In Education

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Economic growth due to increase in human capital achieved with the gender equality.

As women are better-educated, they can be involved in higher-value economic activity, with some exceptions of resource-rich countries, most of the countries are rarely wealthy when the gender equality in education is poor. No country has achieved both GDP per capita of over $10’000 and a ratio of girls to boys in primary education of less than 90%. Stephan Klasen and Francesca Lamanna estimated that loss of growth owing to gender inequality in education rage from 0.38% in sub-Saharan Africa and 0.81% in South Asia per year accounting for 11%~41% of the growth difference between these regions and East Asia and Pacific. This proves why there is greater gender equality in higher-income countries than low-income countries.

Economic growth can be a positive consequence of gender equality in education by increasing the education incentives and opportunity for girls, resulting the positive feedback to be created. However, improving gender equality is only going to be effective in promoting growth when the country has social and cultural institutions that allow women to take advantage of better education. When children receive more education, they are able to earn more. In addition there are more benefits from extra education in girls than boys and the benefits seem to be bigger from secondary and tertiary education than from primary education. Formal sector will allow women to receive higher wage

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