Gender equality gives benefits in both gender’s economic life. They increase workforce motivation and improve productivity and profitability [www.oecd.org]. Through a research, a studying data tells us that when more women work, economies grow [www.unwomen.org]. A reduction between men and women’s labour force participation results in faster economic growth. Nevertheless, women are paid less than men, where women in most countries earn on average only 50 per cent to 75 per cent [www.unwomen.org].
The weak gender in many countries, especially in Muslim and African countries does not have the same rights on a lot of things, such as high quality of education, health, and right to work. Although the role of women in society is underestimated the gender equality can lead to economic growth. The population of women all around the world is approximately half of the whole population of the planet. Decreasing gender inequality in workplaces means to provide more workplaces for women, so this can lead to the increase the number of the workforces. The increase in the labor force, especially in production can cause the economic growth, as significant number of labor force can increase the income of corporation, organization, or even government.
Finally, the demographic transition is supposed to have significant effects on investments in human capital. Higher life expectancy brings encourages people to investment more in education of their children. Thus, the new work force is younger, healthier and more productive contributing further to economic
As a result, increasing levels of women education is to make long-term investment to the future generation. Unlike men, educated women tend to spend income for their family instead of themselves. With all reasons above, women with higher education can improve economic and social structure in the developing countries. In other word, the revolution in educational system of women can be a crucial key to solve poverty issue within
Some effects that happen are crucial for women mostly. Such as sexual harassment and paychecks and whos more likely to get applied for better jobs. Studies show that men are more likely to get better jobs and their paychecks are better than women’s by 20%. As it says on “one young world, we need solutions”, “17.5 percent less pay in Australia and 20% less in Hong Kong. to experience some form of sexual harassment or discrimination – over 28% of women
Japan demonstrates medium results in terms of the economic participation. The data for Japan contrast with China, where a higher maternal mortality ratio and a higher adolescent fertility rate prevail, but more women are active in parliament and their percentage is higher in enrollment in tertiary education. Female labor force participation rate is also higher than in
The unemployment rate of black is two times greater than unemployment rate of white (Fields and Weller, 2011). In 2011, the black unemployment rate was equal to 16.1 percent, while it was just 7.9 percent for whites (Fields and Weller, 2011). Schnurer (2014) states that “Giving more people a shot at economic success produces greater gains for society because more people are contributing”. According to World Bank research findings the main reason for languishing economy in Arab countries is exclusion of women from economic contribution (Schnurer, 2014). The second example of unequal distribution of income in the US is inequality between income of college graduators and non-college graduators.
Urbanization improves access to basic education for all. Expanding education systems in urban areas is easier and costs less than in rural areas. Thus Africa’s rapid urbanization is expected to increase enrolment, especially at primary level. Indeed, the nature of cities appears to provide incentives for investment in education by residents. Returns to education are generally higher in urban than rural areas—and so literacy rates and enrolment should be higher in urban than rural areas.
The fact that the education level of women has raised is undoubted in the period, especially for the daughters from wealthy families. Most of them have gained more resources than that in the past, and also obtained more opportunities to be educated. For those who were not born in wealthy families or with lower social status, they may also have paths to raise their education level. Some of the famous prostitutes may also studied literacy, and a few of them have been took as concubines by officials. Li Yin is one of the representatives of them.
This has resulted in women’s lives improving quite a lot compared to those living in other societies such as those following socialism. This does not necessarily mean that gender equality is related to the wealth of a society. A study conducted by the United Nations showed that among the poorest 25% countries, those that were more economically freer, achieved more gender equality than those that were not (Davies & Harrigan, 2015). Algeria is one such example, it was ranked 151 out of 159 in terms of economic freedom in 2014, it also has over 14 million people living under the poverty line, making it a country that is both poor and not economically free. Compared to countries that have more economic freedom, such as Finland and Switzerland, women in